Frank Lloyd Wright the designer of the oldest new building under consideration, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York (1959) was the first 'starchitect'. He inspired the Ayn Rand novel The Fountainhead and the movie of the same name. He personal life was widely followed in the media and he attracted 'disciples' to his various studios. More recently, I.M. Pei, Daniel Liebskind, and Frank Gehry have generated similar attention. The Guggenheim Bilbao website claims it was, “instantly hailed as the most important structure of its time...” The notion of giving celebrity status to architects is nothing new but is contained within the general tendency, since the Renaissance onwards, of granting increasing influence to artists. Today 'starchitects' are only as well known as musicians, actors, and other media personalities. However, many of the original designers of the buildings under consideration were 'starchitects'. The career and knighthood of Sir Giles Gilbert Scott is evidence of this. (“Sir Giles Gilbert Scott”) The Louvre was entirely redesigned for the 1867 Word Exposition in Paris to demonstrate France's modernity, industrial strength, and aesthetics. Similarly, the Noe-Romanesque facade of the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) was designed to demonstrate the intellectual authority of the adjacent and fore-running University of Toronto and Ontario Parliament. Architecture has always been an art form and always intended to put forward a facade that links to artistic and architectural traditions.
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A paper "Architecture: Art and Modern Buildings" will briefly survey five galleries and museums that were built (or underwent revolutionary renovations) in the past fifty years to determine how modern galleries and museums use art and architecture to 'speak to us'…
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19 pages (4750 words)Research Paper
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