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Using Antibiotics on Dairy Herds - Research Paper Example

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Using Antibiotics on Dairy Herds

Besser et al (4218) elaborates that one of this pathogen is Salmonella Eterica that is a common zoonotic pathogen, and a leading cause of food borne bacteria especially in the US. About 1.3 million human clinical salmonellosis case and more than 500deaths that are associated with this salmonella may occur annually in the US alone. Therefore there is a need to use antibiotics in daily herds to control these strains most of which are drug resistant to reduce these effects from the daily products to humans. The use of antibiotics has over the time portrays success in controlling diseases and other pathogens from the daily herds to humans. A study by Church et al, (4220) concerning the treatment of intra mammary infections that were infected by minor pathogens such as Corynebacteruium boris portrayed that that though dry milk periods aided in milk production, there were no considerable effects on milk production related to udder health in short dry period and long dry period, treatment of the intramammary infections could only be treated using antibiotics. The use of antibiotics has therefe been considered and found to be the most effective methods through which bacterial infection in both daily and other herds can be approached with due to the growing resistance of some bacterial strains. These strains continually develop resistance to major drugs in the market. Hartzell et al (763) explain that the Escherichia coli 0157:H7 was first recognized as a food borne pathogen in 1982. This organism has spread over time and is highly virulent and can lead to debilitating and deadly disease that include hemolytic uremic syndrome (Relay et al 1983 as quoted in Hartzell et al, 763). This organism does not have an effect on cattle though it colonizes the intestinal tract of cattle. Such organisms are passed to humans though fecal matter, ground beef, raw milk, lettuce spinach and other related plants that cow dung may be used as a fertilizer. Sanderson et al (781) argues that Salmonella causes gastrointestinal illness in both livestock and humans. This is another bacterium that is mostly found in foods environment that include beef production systems. Studies that have been carried over recent years have revealed that increased human Salmonelosis has been reported in the US as humans consume these infected products. The cow hide can also contaminate and pass these pathogens’ to humans making them a health risk to human. In addition of being health risk to humans, the salmonella strains affect the general health of daily cattle. The study as Sanderson et al (784) argue found that some strains of salmonella persist within the feeding period and not immediately before harvesting period. To improve the health of cattle and reduce the risk presented by this strain, there is a need to ensure that all daily cattle are well treated using antibiotics. The study also revealed that there are other stains that may be more pronounced within some cattle cohorts and the salmonella serotypes preferential ability of preferring some cattle has not been well understood, but is thought to be contributed by difference in the environmental conditions. The risk of these strains therefore varies across different environmental conditions Sanderson et al (787). Silva et al (831) argue that the Enterococci are Gram-positive bacteria that are commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract, like all other bacteria in humans and animals. These bacteria as Silva et al argue have a capacity to acquire virulence traits that enhance it to ...Show more


There are opponents who view this as administering these antibiotics to the humans who later consume these products, and the opponents have called for restricted control of antibiotic treatment of daily herds with the antibiotics…
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Using Antibiotics on Dairy Herds essay example
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