The agricultural sector is the main stage for producing food worldwide. Historically, agricultural production has managed to satisfy the food demands from a rapidly increasing population. However, the scenario at present is totally reversed. There is an apparent decrease of food supply leaving over 1 billion people hungry. Jiang stated that the International Fund for Agriculture Development projected that the food supply will need to increase by 60% to sustain mankind . The dilemma on food production can be tightly connected with the increasing rate of urbanization. The rapid growth of the world economy and exponential increase in the world population may be considered as some of the reasons for the increasing urban areas. Associated with this change is a large shift of human activities towards the urban areas with significant effects on the agricultural sector. In 2008, the rural population has been exceeded by the urban population for the first time. The world’s urban population as projected by the United Nations will continue to grow by more than a billion people between 2010 and 2025, while the rural population which is viewed to be the agricultural producers, will hardly grow at all. The insignificant growth in rural areas can suggest that the proportion of the global population may not suffice the demands of increasing population not producing food (Satterthwaite et. al. 2809). One way to increase the food availability especially on cities is through urban agriculture as an alternative for conventional agricultural food production in rural areas. This method of food production can be done both in urban and peri-urban areas where it is expected to be integrated into the economic and ecological system (RUAF Foundation par. 1). One of the countries that have enormous population in urban areas is China. According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics 2009, the number of urban residents in China had already reached 622 million - a population well over twice the size of the entire U.S. but still just 47% of China’s total (Kwan par.1). Around the many very large and fast-growing cities in China, Beijing is one of the cities wherein intensification of agricultural production is taking place at an accelerated pace (Wolf et. al. 142). In this regard, it is reported that the country will push forward urbanization in an active and stable manner, focusing on gradually transferring farmers qualified for urban household permits into cities (“China expects urbanization rate to be at 51.5% by 2015” par. 2). This opens the opportunity for China to adopt urban agriculture. In fact, Beijing has an increased adoption peri-urban agriculture since 1950’s. The technology proved to sustain some non-staple foods such as milk and vegetables and improved the quality of food available as opposed to quantity in the city (Jianming 40). Despite of the good news that urban agriculture brought to the food supply chain, one must also examine its sustainability. As part of the world’s intensification of agriculture to increase productivity, maximum concern must be placed for the long-term environmental and economic sustainability (Gilis par. 3). It has been defined by Gold (par. 4) of United States Department of Agriculture that sustainability in agriculture involves the long-term integrated system of plant and animal production that will “satisfy human needs, enhance environmental quality and natural resources based on agricultural economy, efficiently use of nonrenewable resources and on-site resources, sustain economic viability and enhance the quality of life of farmers and society as a whole.” This paper aims to analyze the existing urban agriculture and its contribution to the development of the region. The impact of practicing agriculture in urban areas of Beijing, China will be assessed based on the economic, social and environmental aspects as its sustainability
The agricultural sector is the main stage for producing food worldwide. Historically, agricultural production has managed to satisfy the food demands from a rapidly increasing population. However, the scenario at present is totally reversed. …
Our globe has been in the ‘fast mode’, with people having to make crucial choices for their survival and success. That is, with population burgeoning and opportunities for livelihood drying up, people are adopting various options.
Urban Sprawl Analysis
The expansion of sprawl devours resources—both human and natural—while withholding a sense of community or diversity. In other words, sprawl takes from the individual without giving back. In the United States, as well as across the pond in the UK, suburbanization began in the early nineteenth century.
Today, in most of the developed countries majority of the population are living in urban areas instead of rural areas. Due to industrialization many rural areas have turned into urban areas. Urban food and nutrition system started to features which included an increase in the dietary diversity, preference towards western style food which are rich in refined carbohydrate and fat.
3). The indices are produced as a result of cooperation of S&P Dow Jones and RobecoSAM indices (DJSI, n.p.). In order to be included in the DJSI, the companies must meet economic, social and environmental criteria (DJSI Annual Review, p. 3). The indices apply a broad variety of country, regional and global DJSI benchmarks and thus, serve as an effective tool for investors focused on corporate sustainability oriented businesses (DJSI Annual Review, p.
The subject of sustainability applies in many areas for all living organisms including animals and human beings, which may include areas the social, political, physical environment, property rights, and economic policies. Moreover, sustainability interacts with economics because of the social and environmental repercussions that may result from an economic activity.
According to the report the party’s influence to the economic system of China weakens the principle of government by law for example through corruption which is rampant. The Communist party in China plays a role of retaining the control of political speech, expression and religion. Goods were produced by factories and farmers indulged into crop production.
This is congestion further aggravated by the sheer size of the country, which has more than 1.3 billion people. Beijing, the capital city of China, is among the leading urban areas worldwide, with a total pollution of about twenty million people.
The result of this situation is that greater portions of traditional forest lands have made way for various construction and economic development projects and activities. There is now seen in China, what is a major shrink in the size of the forest reserve that used
In ancient China urban planning, China uses archaic philosophies and respective planning decisions with a weighty impact on both the spatial organization and culture of cities together with states of the distant past and present. Prehistory cities came up around 6000 years ago. The cities grew between 2800-2300 BC.
In this regard, the nation’s general acceptance of foreign trade and investment, high government savings and investment in technology have fostered economic growth in the region. Also, the countries also enjoy an abundance of natural
6 pages (1500 words)Research Paper
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