Effects of Parkinson’s disease vary from person to person; from severe disability of controlling movements to just mere trembling of the hands. It is an unpredictable disorder. To some it advances fast eventually leading to their death, while to others the progress is slow.
Today there are about1 million people with Parkinson’s disease in the United States and it is approximated that 60, 000 Americans add to that statistic annually. With the ever growing population of PD patients, it is unfortunate that up until now this disorder has no definite cure. However, scientists and researchers the world over have made significant developments this past few decades towards attaining a cure for Parkinson’s disease.
Currently there are numerous medications available to delay the onset of motor dysfunction for PD patients. The idea behind these medications is to replenish the dopamine level in the brain either by replacing dopamine, by mimicking the effect of it, or by prolonging the effect of it by slowing the process of its breakdown. The method has been effective in providing great relief from the symptoms of the disease.
Early medications on PD include dopamine agonists, a substance that mimics the function of dopamine; and monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) inhibitors, a substance that reduce the breakdown of dopamine. These medications are very effective in relieving symptoms concerning motor controls.
Researches later on gave way to the development of levodopa medication. Levodopa is a substance converted into dopamine when it reached the brain. It is usually administered in conjunction with carbidopa which is the primary agent preventing levodopa from breaking down until it reaches its destination. Although levodopa aids majority of the PD patients, only some of the symptoms respond effectively to the drug. The treatment is mostly effective to
It is caused by the deterioration of dopamine-producing neurons in the brain. The loss of these brain cells lowers the level of dopamine – a neurotransmitter…
The collective work of researchers and the various media platforms, catapulted the disease from one of the rare ones to one of the leading causes of death in the United States. The Center for Disease Control identified Alzheimer’s Disease, based on 2010 preliminary data, as the sixth leading cause of death in the country.
This essay focuses not only on disease itself, but also uses statistics and real life examples, such as Mr. Adms's case to analyze the topic of parkinsons disease. The researcher also analyzes symtoms associated with Parkinson’s disease, such as resting tremors, muscle rigidity and bradykinesia are the three main symptoms and medication Mr. Adams has used.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the pathology of Parkinson’s disease is complicated making the treatment and control of the disease a complex task. The complexity of the disease has made it almost impossible for researchers to settle for a single approach to treating and controlling the disease.
It results from loss of brain cells charged with producing dopamine, a chemical responsible for relaying messages between the brain’s substantia nigra and other regions of the brain so as to control human body movement, hence an important chemical in ensuring smooth and coordinated muscle movements.
Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia. It is progressive and there are no available treatments for this disease as yet. Eventually, it can cause the death of the patient. It is mostly diagnosed among elderly individuals, starting from the age of 65 years, although it has been known to also manifest earlier.
Some researchers regard them as offering the greatest potential for the alleviation of human suffering since the development of antibiotics; scientists have therefore established ways of coaxing these cells in order to develop most of the human cells. Researchers claim that these cells may be used to replace or repair damaged cells, and they possess the potential to drastically change the treatment to many diseases, like bone loss, broken bones, brain damage due to oxygen starvation, severe burns, cancer (some forms), diabetes, Lou Gehrig's disease, heart disease, hepatitis, incomplete bladder control, Huntington's, leukemia, lupus, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, osteoarthritis, Par
The current medications which are used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson’s are Amantadine and Levodopa, which are 2 of several medications to alleviate the symptoms associated with the disease.
The drug known as Amantadine is relatively common as a
s, such as tremor, flexed posture, impaired postural reflexes, bearing characterized by forward leaning, a mask like facial expression, and changes in handwriting. With the progression of the disease and consequent neuro-degeneration, patients may be unable to move (Alexi,
Alzheimer’s Disease is diagnosed on the basis of histopathological evidence at brain autopsy or biopsy. Two characteristic lesions are evidence of the disease. They include senile plaques, extracellular deposits of amyloid β