Modern - A word derived from Late Latin word "modo" means in the sense of "just now". This word was coined late back in the sixteenth century that meant "being at this time, now existing". As centuries went by this term was used to specifically describe present times also including what was new…
Modernism has revolutionized each and every aspect of human being. This melioration in environment was a direct consequence of science and technology. Modernism can be best described as a movement, an optimistic movement that covers the cultural and artistic domains. This movement had come into effect in the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth centuries (Crouch, Christopher, 2000). Modernism is a renaissance for art, architecture, music, literature, applied sciences, philosophy and so on. Modernism influenced people to substitute the existing system with an intention of achieving progress at a rapid pace that could not be achieved by the traditional means. Modernism is retrospection in arts, sciences and music in order to add a new flavor, another dimension for the existing thought and facts.
In this period the modernist thinkers rejected the traditional forms of arts and treated them as being outdated and old fashioned (Crouch, Christopher, 2000). The years 1890-1910 mark the beginning of modernism. A strange way of thinking crept in the minds of people who discouraged revising past knowledge for present day applications but they preferred having an entirely new set of rules that decide. Art, physics, Industrialization and social sciences had major backbone changes that challenged the traditional methods. In this period the analysis of problem had a subjective view that closely related to the existing theories of science. More importance was given to forces than facts (Crouch, Christopher, 2000). It was determinism that forces can lead man to achieve the impossible. The debate between the life forces and conceptions of reality was always won by life forces. Positivism and Certainty were the main driving forces in this period, which led to this modern thought. Others include the changes in the society due to the two world wars, the dictatorial ways of ruling. Expressionism, surrealism, symbolism and Imagism were the methods through which the thoughts were transmitted to people all round the world by artists. Modernism can be defined with one word- Rejection. This is the main criteria in modernism. Modernism can be basically classified into three periods, the period from 1890-1910 marked the beginning of Modernism. This is the time when subjective thought and expression were the prime factors in influencing art. Theories proposed by Freud (historyguide.org, 2006) influenced this period. In the second phase which is commonly known as modernism explosion (1910-1930) paved way to radical thinking. It simply fantasized radical thought and rejected the traditional practices. The theory of Relativity, Ideas of Edmund Hessels futurism and Imagism are the important attributes. Here the artists focused on preparing manifestos so as to form groups and share thoughts and improve in their respective fields. Cross culture arts came up during this period. Influence of art from one culture on other was significantly visible during this period. It was during this time that the Dada movement and the surrealism took birth and became popular. The next phase, that is, from 1930-45 concentrated on academia in arts. The day to ...
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