History has shown us that man moves in pendulous ways. From nature to divine, from reason to feelings, from private to public, from objective to subjective. Art is the ideal illustration for these movements, and this essay will discuss the contrasting values manifested in two paintings belonging to the historical movements of the Enlightenment and Romanticism: William Blake's Newton (1795), and Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog by Caspar David Friedrich. Although Blake is considered usually a romantic precursor in art, in this particular painting, he depicts precisely the most characteristic values of the Enlightenment era. I will also include a typically enlightenment-era painting, Mr and Mrs Andrews by Thomas Gainsborough (1748-49), in order to directly contrast the different movements.The Enlightenment era, which belonged to the Age of Reason, describes a historical intellectual movement of the 18th century, which advocated rationality as a means to establish an authoritative system of ethics, aesthetics, and knowledge. "The intellectual leaders of this movement regarded themselves as courageous and elite, and regarded their purpose as leading the world toward progress and out of a long period of doubtful tradition, full of irrationality, superstition, and tyranny now denominated as the Dark Age". (Cassirer, 1992).The Enlightenment believed in a rational, orderly and comprehensible universe. It extolled the ideals of liberty, property and rationality which are still recognizable as the basis for most political philosophies even in the present era. ...Show more
History has shown us that man moves in pendulous ways.From nature to divine,from reason to feelings,from private to public,from objective to subjective.Art is the ideal illustration for these movements,and this essay will discuss the contrasting values manifested in two paintings belonging to the historical movements of the Enlightenment …
Having brought vital improvements in civilization, the collective revolutionary changes affected other nations thereby enabling the principled concepts of the Enlightenment to appeal with an enhanced degree of universality for the generations to follow. As may still be felt in modern times, the radical approach in treating religious as well as political and economic reforms has spread on a global level.
It has also been argued that romanticism can also be seen as a reaction to the previously established aristocratic political and social norms (Levin). The major effect of romanticism can be traced largely to works of art and literature though romanticism did leave its mark on education, natural history and historiography as well.
For example, following the original conception of this tragedy by Euripides, versions of it have appeared in Latin, Italian, French, Spanish, etc through the authorship of such great writers as Francesco Bozza, Jean Racine, Miguel de Unamuno, etc. This enduring appeal makes relevant its study in relation to enlightenment values.
The renaissance period, based on Shakespeare’s Sonnets, identifies aspects of love that though face challenges, the narrator is determined to achieve. The youth identifies love that should be immortal through eternal life and life that never leaves the youthful stage into elderly stages.
As understood by Peyre (1949, p. 63) the foundations of the French Revolution are marked by the constant presence of such names as Diderot, Voltaire and Rousseau. Even though the ramifications of Rousseau’s philosophy are evident in the outcomes and evaluations of scholarly texts, for McNeil (1945, p.
These philosophers of the Enlightenment Age made numerous significant contributions to science as well as to many other fields through relying primarily on scientific method and intense study and experimentation. The ideas of these same great leaders, however, triggered the outbreak of two great wars - the American and the French Revolutions - in the latter part of the 1700s.
Day to day natural elements like stones, flowers, the weather and sunlight were described as if they had a bit of God in them. Romantics respected self-directed deeds and walking into the beat of ones individual drummer (Tekiner 43). The Romantic human model was the artist,
He pursued religious policies that advocated for religious tolerance though he showed outright favouritism to Protestantism to other religions. For instance, he did not include Catholic adherents to his senior
Painting is an art that began many years ago and has developed through ages up to where it is now. Some artists developed various forms of styles in order to depict different themes in a more elaborate way. Others developed their works from the preceding works so that they could clearly bring out their ideas. Painting developed in different styles.