Le Corbusier and Modern Architecture

Masters
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Architecture
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Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, later known as Le Corbusier was born in Charles La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland in 1887. He was an architect, urban planner and designer, interior and modern furniture designer, writer, painter and sculptor. His skill in designing modern spaces with minimum ornamentation made him one of the pioneers of the Modern Architecture movement of the early 20th century…

Introduction


From the very beginning of his life, Le Corbusier was interested in art. He studied at the La-Chaux-de-Fonds Art School in Switzerland under Charles L'Eplattenier and architect Ren Chapallaz. The influence of both these people is visible in the earliest works of Le Corbusier.
In 1907, after extensively touring Europe, he worked in the office of Augeste Perret, the pioneer of reinforced concrete. Having gained experience there for three years, he moved to the office of Peter Behrens in Germany. During this period, he met a lot of influential architects like Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius, the effects of which can be seen in his works. In 1912, Le Corbusier returned to La Chaux-de-Fonds to teach along with his former teacher L'Eplattenier and to begin his own practice and continued doing this during the course of World War 1.
The first works of Le Corbusier show that he was very close to nature. Before he set out on his travel in 1907, he completed his first project, Villa Pallet. During the World War when he was working in Switzerland, he formulated various theories on modern architecture, emphasizing on structural frame of reinforced concrete.
This model proposed an open floor plan consisting of concrete slabs supported by a minimal ...
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