Friendly fire" is a military phrase and refers to the unintended attack by friendly forces, largely as a result of mistaken identity. Historically, its occurrence has been steadily increasing in US warfare from the killing of Confederate Lieutenant General "Stonewall" Jackson in the Civil War to that of Army Ranger Pat Tillman in Afghanistan (Jones 38-41).
in organizational behavior, Professor Snook writes from a rare vantage point, having been a victim of friendly fire himself in Granada in 1993.
On April 14, 1994, two U.S. Air Force F-15 fighters accidentally shot down two U.S. Army Black Hawk Helicopters over Northern Iraq, killing all twenty-six passengers onboard, who were on a peacekeeping Operation Provide Comfort mission to a Kurdish village. The tragic incident took place in broad daylight and had highly qualified and experienced crews in both aircraft, who, furthermore, were monitored by a US AWACS (airborne warning and control system) flying above them.
In response to this disaster the complete gamut of military and civilian investigative and judicial procedures was run through. This incident has been investigated by (in chronological order) an USAF Aircraft Accident Investigation Board, by the US General Accounting Office review of that report [GAO 1997], by the book under review [Snook 2000], by the mother of one of the officers killed [Piper 2001], and by Nancy Leveson, Polly Allen and Margaret-Anne Storey [Leveson 2001].
On the morning of the shootdown, the two F-15 fighter pilots, used to high altitude air-to-air combat, were assigned to sweep the no fly zone for enemy aircraft. ...