These two pieces, studied in parallel of each other will present to us a variety of beliefs as to how, and why these pieces are made, in relation or perhaps independently of their period.
The United Kingdom, under the rule of Queen Victoria that commenced in June of 1837 and ended in January of 1901, lived in an era known as the "Victorian British Era1". It is widely known as the period of prosperity as overseas trade flourished and industrial improvements lead to the better lives of the people.
This era is signified as a long period of peace. Aside from minor revolts, Britain was generally in "good terms with neighbouring countries2." This is an era of advances in science, as Darwin introduced the Theory of Evolution, Alexander Graham Bell invented the Telephone, Sigmund Freud and his theories. It is also at this time when Karl Marx first introduced Marxism through his Communist Manifesto. These are ideologies presented in the attempt to modern solutions. This was the time that the working class were given the right to vote, for the first time. And because of emigration, the population increased from 16.8m in 1851 to 30.5m in 1901.3
This period is notorious for child labor. ...