Resource Collection on Disabilities

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Whelan, M. A. (2004). Practice parameter: diagnostic assessment of the child with cerebral palsy: report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society. Neurology, 63,1985-1986.

Introduction

This developmental disorder is characterised by motor disorders and secondary musculoskeletal problems which restricts patient's physical activity. Apart from mixed characteristics, this disorder is broadly classified into three main categories spastic, dyskinetic and ataxic (Thorogood & Alexander, 2009). This disability has various etiologies depending upon the stage of development. Prebirth cerebral palsy have either genetic, congential causes, while neonatal causes include prematurity, and birthing issues like hemorrhage and hypoxic-ischemic problems. In the post neonatal period the factors which are responsible for cerebral palsy are vascular, hypoxic-ischemic, metabolic, infectious, toxic, teratogenic, traumatic events (Miller & Browne, 2005, p. 30-33).
All the developmental domains of children including motor, social, language and communication, and cognition get affected in children suffering from cerebral palsy. Spasticity, Scoliosis or spine curvature are the issues of cerebral palsy leading to shortening of the muscle and thereby changes the posture. Seizures, mental retardation, ataxia are also major impairments. The loss of control and coordination affects all the daily activities.
This nonremediable disorder can be opted for multimodal treatment approach to make them relatively biologically and psychologically indepe ...
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