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The world has witnessed a plethora of epics and novels since the ancient times — of the Egyptian Old Kingdom, Persia, or India. The records from all these countries are crude, impersonal, stereotyped by comparison.


Gilgamesh was the fifth king of the Sumerian city of Uruk after the Great Flood. The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the most popular stories ever told. The story seems to have taken form almost two thousand years before that. There is also another story titled Dante’s inferno. This is a story set in the 1300s where a person named Dante Alighieri meets a ghost who wants to help him in reaching heaven. The present essay aims to present a thesis on the manner in which these stories depict the afterlife after death. The paper also aims to show their impact on the spiritual world. This is the story of the profound and consuming mystery of death which preoccupies the epic hero, Gilgamesh, as he laments the loss of his friend, Enkidu, in the ancient poem, Gilgamesh, composed c. 2000 B.C. in what is now modern-day Iraq. Unable to deal with his grief for his friend and with his fear of his own mortality, Gilgamesh strikes out on a mythic journey in search of the secret of eternal life. As told by Wilkie, Brian & James Hurt (2001), it is a journey pursued with great effort under extreme psychological distress. The goal is not the attainment of eternal life in the hereafter, but the extension of life here and now. Remarkably, Gilgamesh is privileged to be able to grasp the secret. But in the end he is unable to keep it from being taken away. ...
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