He added that since needs are many; they are arranged in order of importance i.e. from basic to a complex one. A person advances to the next level of needs after the lower level of need has been satisfied and he progresses up the hierarchy. This motivation theory list the human needs from the lowest to highest as: physiological, safety and security, love, self esteem and self actualization.
In Maslow's theory, the lowest level is physiological needs and money happens to be one of the physiological needs. According to Herzberg's two-factor model of motivation, money as a Physiological need in Maslow's theory is a motivator, though it tends to have a motivating effect on staff that lasts only for a short period. Maslow demonstrated that at higher level of the hierarchy, praise, respect, recognition, empowerment and a sense of belonging are more powerful motivators than money.
McGregor places money in his theory X and Y places money in theory X category and he feels it not a good motivator of work. He places praise and recognition in theory Y category and he feels that they are strong motivators than money.
Leadership is the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organizations of which they are members. (House, Hanges, Javidan, Dorfman, and Gupta, 2004)
There are a number of leadership styles namely: Authoritarian, democratic and free reign. For effective management a good leader should use all the three leadership styles.
Authoritarian leadership style is used when the leader does not want nay contribution from his fellow employees because of the limited time, have all the instructions to solve a problem and the employees are well motivated.
Democratic leadership style is used when the leader involves the other employees in decision making but he is usually the one who make the final decision. This style is applicable if a leader has time and want to gain more commitment and motivation from their employees.
Free reign leadership style is used when the leader has trust and confidence with the people below him and for this case he allows them to make decisions and delegate tasks. The employees are supposed to analyse the situation and determines what is to be done and how is to be done. The leader sets priorities and he is responsible for the decisions that are made.
There is no one best leadership style but the three should be employed for effective management of an organisation. (Kouzes and Posner, 2002)
3. To what extent does participation in groups enhance individual performance
Participation in group enhance individual performance since it increases cooperativeness and hence teamwork. This increases collaboration and trust between team members thereby enhancing motivation. In turn this enhances individual performance since there a lot of motivation among the employees.
4. To what extent and how can an Organisation's culture be effectively managed
Organization culture is the collection of values and norms that are shared by people and groups in an organization that control the way they interact with each other and
Motivation is having the encouragement to do something and money is not the only motivator for people at work. There are two types of motivation, namely: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is when workers are internally motivated to do something because it either brings them pleasure or they think it is important…
This paper analyzes factors that affect the structure and culture and individual behaviour at workplace environments, explains leadership styles and describes organizational theory and management approaches. This paper suggests that transformational leadership is most effective style of the leadership because it encompasses charismatic power and it can bring changes to the organization.
Human capital are undoubtedly the most powerful and highly productive assets in any organisation, because, all other resources such as materials, technology, time etc can be effectively utilized only if human capital are managed successfully.
Just what is the Joint Commission? It is an accreditation and certification agency that is an independent and not-for profit organization overseeing the quality of more than 15,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States (Joint Commission Website, 2011).
Organizational theory provides ways in which the working of an organization to create understanding and appreciation of various organizations get explained. Management is the science of achieving organizational objectives through people. Management is all about solving the daily problems that occur when running an organization (Harold 2003, p.23).
Among the most challenging tasks that business leaders encounter, change management stands out across the globe as a critical task which leaders need to be critical of, thus the reason for Morgan (2006) giving simple metaphors to guide on the same: organisations as an organism, machine, brain, psychic prison, political system, culture, instruments of domination and flux and transformation.
In such backdrop, Zacharatos, Barling and Iverson (2005) argued that there cannot be one leadership style that can fit the purpose of different organization hence effectiveness of different leadership style in different organization varies significantly. To prove the argument, Zacharatos, Barling and Iverson (2005) contrasted leadership style effectiveness in high-performance work systems as against organizations where performance measurement is comparatively flexible.
As an illustration, heroin abuse does lead to financial criminal behaviours; that is, the abusers commit crimes with the specific objective being the financing and re-financing of their heroin habits. A more general causal relationship, that substance abuse per se causes crimes in all spheres, is simply not supported by the empirical data.
The author states that America and European non-Muslim countries must establish and maintain internal and co-operative networks of reliable information gathering, analysis and exchange capabilities, which America has, as evidenced by certain events leading up to September 11, 2001, shown itself to be in dire need of improvement.
The leadership styles and the motivational approaches adopted by the organizations also affect the organizational behaviour in the workplace. The key factors influencing the organizational behaviour of the organizations have
This is critical for leaders to understand if they are to manage people effectively. Psychologists have embarked on a rigorous process of categorizing different people. This categorization has been done based on certain personality traits that people in each category
10 pages (2500 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org