StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Role of Job Designs in Managing Human Resources - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Role of Job Designs in Managing Human Resources

From the technological perspective, the workplace is defined through the production processes, which take place in a discrete area of production. Essentially, the hierarchy of managers, supervisors, and workers defines the workplace organizationally. The orientations of workers and managers to the particular area define the social limits of a workplace. Such a definition need not be limited to manufacturing. The workplace can also be a department in a bank or university or a school within an education system. What is important is that the work area is discrete, has some technological or production unity which marks it off from other workplaces, and it is recognized as such by workers and managers.
Therefore, it is evident that the field of Human Resource Management has evolved into a strategic, technical, and measurement-oriented area in the past few years. Predictably, this field will continue to grow in sophistication and complexity as a reflection of the world in the 21st century, presenting solutions to difficult dilemmas that could affect the workplace massively.
An organization's core values are manifested by its culture; that is, in the basic ways that business is handled, such as how decisions are made and how rewards are distributed. Employees learn these ways of doing business through observing co-workers and leaders. If no expectations are established and effectively communicated, employees will "make it up" as they go along when faced with ethical dilemmas.
Thus, management strategies are essential in human resource management, organizational behaviour, or organizational design because it could specify its own model or framework of the key elements. In determining the appropriate job designs for a specific company, all models and theories could be deemed as one consolidated set of behavioural elements. In building the working framework, four elements had been identified to underlie most work behaviour models:
1.) Capability - The skills, knowledge and abilities necessary to execute an action associated with the objectives of the organization.
2.) Opportunity - When individuals are provided or encounter situations in which actions can be executed with the desired effect.
3.) Motivation - The drive to execute those actions, created by a perception that they are linked to desired outcomes and rewards.
4.) Understanding - Knowledge of how an individual's actions affect the system and overall goal achievement.
The first three components are derived from a long research tradition suggesting that individual performance is a multiplicative function of ability and motivation (Cummings and Schwab 1973), critiques of the simple model (Campbell and Pritchard 1976) that suggest that the environment determines the expression of ability and motivation (Dachler and Mobley 1973), and recent work suggesting that situational constraints and opportunity (e.g., advances in technology and changes in the political, social, and economic environment) are key to a theory of work performance (Campbell 1999, Howard 1995, Ilgen and Pulakos 1999). The fourth component was incorporated to help describe organizational management and HRM practices. These and other human issues have the potential to "move the needle," that ...Show more

Summary

The success of managing an organization cannot occur, at least not within a reasonable time frame, without some form of strategic human resources management imbibed within their operations. Although the human resource agenda has been incorporated in the principles of strategic planning, an understanding of the applicability of these processes in organizational management is relatively new…
Author : eharris
Role of Job Designs in Managing Human Resources essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Role of Job Designs in Managing Human Resources"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Managing Human Resources
The research has discussed how technology today can computerize everything and, therefore, posing challenges to some companies. The departments of human resource can be taken over by the advanced technology or be outsourced to vendors who provide excellent services at an affordable price because this is the current trend in most business
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Human resources
This discipline comprises of the activities of performing job analysis, recruiting and planning of the personnel’s needs, selection of the appropriate candidates for a job and orienting or training them (Storye, 1992). It also involves the determination of the employee’s salaries, the provision of incentives or benefits, appraising the employee’s performances, resolving any disputes that may arise and communicating with all the employees of an organization (Aswathappa, 2009).
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Taylorist Job Designs and Hard Human Resource
According to the paper the Taylorist job designs also provide effective training tools and incentives to employees who demonstrate high performance. The implementation of these designs in the production process includes division of jobs into individual motions with an aim of determining the essential work processes within a job. These job designed are within the Taylorism model of human resource management in which employees work activities used to be timed by a stop watch
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Role of Human Resources in Managing Change
The world today has created a situation whereby, the systems that govern the operations of organizations are constantly changing. With a constantly evolving society and fluctuating demand for products and services, whether new or pre-existing, it is mandatory that organizations change their mode of operation if they are to remain competitive.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Job Analysis and its Role in Human Resources
Thus, job analysis has an exemplary relevance in many organizations that want to attract the best employees and put the best people suited for that job. Defined as the "process of determining and reporting pertinent information relating to the nature of a specific job", job analysis is vital in the determination of the tasks which comprise the job and of the skills, knowledge, abilities, and responsibilities required of the holder for successful job performance (Division of Occupational Analysis, 1944) The end product of a job analysis is a written description of the actual requirements of the job.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Managing Human Resources Essay
In Guest's view these human resource management outcomes would lead to higher levels of job performance, higher levels of innovation and change whilst lowering turnover, absence and employee grievance rates. This veritable nirvana of human resource management has remained one of the most influential models in discussions about human resource management to this day
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Managing Human Resources
I'm the Human Resources Director for National Lewis and Clark Corporation (NL&C). Human Resource Management (HRM) is a utilitarian and instrumental, requiring the close integration of an organisation's HRM policies with its business strategy. Hard approaches have been associated predominantly with unitary understandings of organisations, in which managerial prerogative, HRM' s role in achieving in bottom line success and its preparedness to take tough decisions are emphasised.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Human resources
It also involves the determination of the employee’s salaries, the provision of incentives or benefits, appraising the employee’s
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Managing human resources management
In this case, people are integral facets in an organization. Human resource management addresses matters associated to individuals in an organization such as hiring, compensation, employee motivation, employee development and training,
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Explain what managing human resources means
itment and selection process entails methods and procedures that ensure that only the best workforce is acquired by an organization and in a cost effective manner. The contributions the two make provide tremendous growth for an organization workforce and
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation