Furthermore, it also allows telecommuters to combine their work from home with other forms of teleworking.
It is the result of a better access to high speed internet connections, an improved ability to concentrate and a better balance between work and family according to The International Telework Association & Council (ITAC)3.
As seen on the extract of Anne Fisher's article, there is a real debate on the advantages and drawbacks of teleworking. We will try to define these two sides of that type of work from two points of views: the teleworker himself and the managers of a teleworking team.
In the first question of our essay we have seen some of the benefits of telecommuting. Teleworkers can define their own schedule which can include working before or after regular office hours, they achieve to balance their personal life with their work better than they used to and they show an increased concentration and therefore a higher productivity. The Midwest Institute for Telecommuting Education announces that home workers present an increase of 3 to 25% in productivity4.
Nevertheless Paul Dickerson's story is a perfect example of the drawbacks of teleworking. As he was working from home, people started to believe that he was unemployed and avoided him. Even if the share of teleworkers in the total volume of workers is increasing, it has not completely reached a social recognition and people that are working from home could be considered as unemployed or lazy. However it appears, in Dickerson's case that he has now a different problem. As his friends are now aware of how he organizes a day of work, they believe that he has a lot of free time. Working from home requires an important organization. On one hand it is much more flexible and you can combine several activities at the same time, but on the other hand you have to show a strong discipline in order to accomplish your tasks and reach your objectives.
The managers and the businesses can also face some difficulties when dealing with teleworking.
Joseph Cothrel first describes us the lack of non-verbal communication in teleworking. He explains that when you receive an email from a teleworkers you don't have any tone of voice or meaningful pauses which according to him can convey crucial information. One of the main issues of teleworking is presented here. The communication can be difficult because you are not directly in contact with the worker. All the elements of body language are missing and ultimately this can delay the work. Instead of a direct explanation, you will need several emails to correctly define the work which has to be done and the managers will not have any awareness of the worker's feelings regarding their request.
Christina Parr raises another danger. The in-office workers can wrongly consider the teleworkers, they may believe they are not working at all. We are again faced with the social notion of work which is attending work in an office from 9a.m. to 5p.m.
However Parr and J. Scott Calhoun present their teleworkers as accountable and reachable and the speech that Calhoun gives to his in-office workers is more than
The increase in the number of teleworkers in the United States can be explained by many factors. First many firms or federal agencies have increased their efforts to encourage telework. "The Status of Telework in the Federal Government"2 states that the Department of Defense has implemented a telework policy to offer the opportunity to existing workers to work from home.
Amazon’s web services are able to scale up and down in order to meet Ericsson’s business demands. In addition, Amazon’s web services provide enhanced quality of service through solid management and the company’s track record is remarkable. Moreover, Ericsson can effectively access its cloud from anyplace due to Amazon’s web services capacity for remote access.
Nevertheless, for organizations to achieve the benefits of cloud computing, organizations have to tread carefully and have the right map for migration to cloud environment. Among other things, organizations have to develop enterprise applications that are suitable for distributed environments and appropriate data, information and infrastructure architecture.
The mobile instruments are now coming in a range of shapes and sizes with features adding up day by day, thanks to the continuing trend towards integration of more and more electronic circuits. This trend of miniaturizing Integrated Circuits has led to the availability of low-power embedded processors and radios as well, further strengthening the communication ability of the man on the move.
The growth of internet is now considered essential and is set to bring about greater productivity, governance, education, health and quality of life reforms particularly in the rural areas in developing countries causing all round socio-economic development.
This incorporation highlights the needs of perfect security of computing devices and sensors that provides new concepts of protective measures like never thought before. The best example of such measures is the concept of "smart cards" and "Biometrics".
Pervasive computing enables researchers to think the best possible security aspects to minimize the threats of computer and cyber crime that leads towards the killer applications, cyber-criminals as computer culprits take advantage of the vulnerabilities present in the traditional computing environments.
The author states that TCP is an internet protocol that requires connection and is the most commonly used because it provides error correction. It can make a connection from client to server resulting to instant delivery. When using TCP, the computer sending data connects with the one receiving the data.