This is a calculation-based report aimed at finding out the total cost of getting 980,000 million tons of coked coal to Pakistan Steel, Pakistan Steel Terminal, Karachi, Pakistan from four different ports namely Port Gladstone, Port Newcastle, Hampton Roads and Port Roberts Bank…
The distances and the loads of each port have been used from internet sources. Where required the original sources have been given credit and logical formulae have been applied to arrive at the respective calculations.
I. Maximum Coal Capacity
1. Maximum quantity of Iron ore that can be carried from Gladstone to Karachi.
2. Maximum quantity of Iron ore that can be carried from Newstone to Karachi.
3. Maximum quantity of Iron ore that can be carried from Hampton Roads to Karachi.
II. Cost per Tonnage
The cost per tonne of cargo for a round voyage from Port Gladstone to Karachi is USD 23.58 per tonnes of cargo.
The cost per tonne of cargo for a round voyage from Port Newcastle to Karachi is USD 23.58 per tonnes of cargo.
The cost per tonne of cargo for a round voyage from Hampton Roads to Karachi is USD 23.58 per tonnes of cargo.
The cost per tonne of cargo for a round voyage from Port Roberts Bank to Karachi is USD 23.58 per tonnes of cargo.
Allow two days for leeway per voyage for the whole trip.
Allow 1 day for transiting the Suez canal.
Allow half a day for bunkering in Gibraltar and in Suez.
Gibraltar Bunker prices (Petromedia Ltd, 2009).
Distances are obtained from Reed's Marine Distance Tables (Caney & Reynolds, 2000).
Suez Canal transit cost (Leth agencies, 2009).
III - Number of Shipments and ship speed
a. Gladstone to Karachi
There will be 3 shipments needed to transport coal from Gladstone to Karachi.
The vessel will not be fully loaded on its last voyage.
b. Newcastle to Karachi
There will be 5 shipments needed to transport coal from Newcastle to Karachi.
The vessel will not be fully loaded on its last voyage.
c. Hampton Roads to Karachi
There will be 5 shipments...
The report will be covering the following aspects:
It is necessary to understand that the contents of the report are based on a values that have been gathered from secondary research over the internet. The distances and the loads of each port have been used from internet sources. Where required the original sources have been given credit and logical formulae have been applied to arrive at the respective calculations.
It is very much possible that there will be pre-monsoon and summer rains that can affect the course and speed of the vessels. Thus, allowance in the costs has to be made for such stoppages and slowdowns. ...
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