Advancements in the field of transport and communication, growing international trade and greater interaction of firms have lead to greater competition with in the growing world market. Organizations in search of better and more effective ways of production have identified the productivity of the labor force involved as the prime focus. The several techniques employed to tackle major challenges in the current environment are:
Recruitment and selection is a very important aspect for development of a strong workforce. Companies need individuals who are motivated and focused for excellence, individuals whose presence increases the productivity of not only the firm but also assists other employees to be more productive. Large corporations now incorporate assessments such as personality tests, aptitude tests along with a series of interviews to asses the ability of the applicant (Cornelius, 2001).
It has been an understood fact that interaction with in a group containing diverse members allows for a greater pool of innovative ideas, perspective and views according to their respective background to crop up. Such groups are very common in Multinational corporations (MNCs) (Connell, 2006). Such managements have to deal with strong local bodies combined with individuals transferred from other foreign countries who go through culture-based human resource management training to improve their ability to motivate the culturally diverse labor force.
The extensive emphasis on financial gains makes the technique of gain sharing very effective. This program refers to incentive plans where an employee in a common effort to improve the organizational productivity with the incentive that resulting increment will be shared between the company and the employee. Since the gain sharing is carried out on the effective increment in profits this technique does not cost the company while it motivates the employee to put in greater effort and take on greater responsibilities (Lauver, 2007).
Several researches on labor productivity identifies that a safe, peaceful and directed working environment greatly adds to the productivity of the labor force. Companies boast their ranking amongst the companies with the best working environment to attract talented individuals (Al-Lamki, 2000). An effective working environment means that each individual can feel part of the team; he or she is provided the best possible tools to work to his or her maximum ability. In the current times talented individuals are sought after vigorously amongst competing firms, firms try to lure in individuals with financial gains but creative individuals also have a need to full fill their own ambitions so they try to opt for firms that will allow them to be more productive (Legge, 1995). An effective working environment also assists in preventing labor turnover; employees who get adjusted into the