European Commission in its sixth and the present action plan for the environmental management termed as "Environment : 2010 Our future Our Choice" has identified nature and the biodiversity as two priority areas that need to be given proper attention to ensure sustainable development in a region. In this connection various action plans in the form of regulations and community participative strategies are being formulated and put these ideas into practice. As builders and construction contractors are the most involved group with the nature and biodiversity , an awareness on the acts relating to the legislations and regulations would help the plan the development process without infringing the prevailing regulations and norms (Begon et al, 1996, Ratcliffe, 1977). The significant legislations by the UK government to manage construction while preserving the wildlife are as follows.
This legislation is exclusive to England and Wales inorder to strengthen the protection given to Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and other wildlife locations. The duty of its strict enforcement is rested with the government ministers and officials of both England and Wales. This is the important legislation that has strong implication on construction contractors. It is now considered as criminal offence to disturb and damage those nesting birds and species which is protected under various schedules.
The Protection Badgers Act, 1992
This legislation is extended to England, Scotland and Wales inorder to arrest the improper activities of badger digging and baiting (The Stationery Office, 1992 ; English Nature,1995)
The Town and Country Planning (Trees) Regulations, 1999
The legislation have been brought into force for England and Wales inorder to protect various species of the trees. The local planning authority would place a order on the protection of certain trees or their group for the proper conservation of these biomass for the purpose of better living environment.
The Hedgerow regulations, 1997(The Stationery Office, 1997)
This regulation is applicable in England and Wales and provides adequate protection to the hedgerows in the country side. The local planning authorities in England and Wales are empowered to issue notifications to control the removal of hedgerows.