According to Project Management Institute "a project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service." Patel and Morris have stated, "The life cycle is the only thing that uniquely distinguishes projects from non-projects." 
The Project Manager requires various general management skills during the different phases of the project.
Initiation and Scope Definition, comprises determination and negotiation of requirements, feasibility analysis, and process for the review and revision of requirements. Planning follows and includes process planning, determining deliverables, effort, schedule and cost estimation, resource allocation, risk management, quality management, and plan management.
The project manager's role is to verify the requirements, bring in the experts and revalidate requirements and technical feasibility. He needs to baseline the requirements, cost, schedule, and quality of delivery to the smallest detail, thus setting up a solid framework to start work on the project. This phase is critical because unless requirements are set and baselines are defined, the project cannot take off.
The project manager needs negotiating skills, estimation and scheduling skills as well as, team building capabilities that help set the base for delivering a project of required quality at a realistic budget.
In the Development phase, implementation of plans, supplier contract management, implementation of measurement process, monitor process, control process, and reporting and the various tasks in an IT project.
It should be noted that although project objectives have been defined, there may surface problems when the actual developments are taking place. This will require the project manager and stakeholder to negotiate change requests that will continue the development of the project smoothly.
About sixty percent of the project life cycle is done during the development phase and internal testing phase where the development team tests the application internally. This phase needs to be on schedule in order that the project deadline is met.
The project manager needs good controlling skills to keep the work going and good negotiation skills to handle change requests as well as risk management skills in order that risk are mitigated. Also he needs to be able to keep the energy flowing and the team unified and happy to enable milestones to be met.
The Implementation phase
The project now moves into the Implementation phase where the IT tasks are Review and Evaluation, which includes the topics of determining satisfaction of requirements and reviewing and evaluating performance. The developed IT application is now deployed or implemented in the client's environment and tested using their parameters. The application is User accepted and then deployed either as a pilot mode or as a full launch.
The project manager needs good negotiating skills in case some major fixes or "bugs" as per IT jargon arises during the transition since he needs to go back to client when budgets are almost over. Often the teams are all tired and are anxious to get the project over with and move on. Keeping up the morale to see the project to completion becomes imperative, and if the project manager is a good team player that really helps.
The Closeout phase
In the closeout phase, the tasks include determining closure and closure activities. The application is running smoothly and the production-support team has taken over. The development team is released. The project manager now documents the project for future reference as well as writes up a lessons-learnt document.
In summary, a good project manager is ...
Cite this document
(“Project Life Cycle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/business/295354-project-life-cycle
(Project Life Cycle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Project Life Cycle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/business/295354-project-life-cycle.
These phases are extremely useful in planning a project since they provide a framework for budgeting, manpower and resource allocation, and for scheduling project milestones and project reviews.'. The project basically consists of the initiation, planning, development, implementation and closeout phases.
The project has already been developed, thought out, and decided on. The dates, as well as what needs to be done by when has also already been decided and worked out. For this project, this phase has been completed prior to your working with the company.
However the life cycle is directly related to the structure of the project and therefore some projects require approval at the end of each phase. Planned sequences or phases involve corporate operations and therefore project life cycle management literature focuses on the significance of skills, resources and organizational controls in managing the project.
To people management, we mean the planning activity that involves deciding on the types of people in form of resources that are required to fulfill the requirements of the project. In other words the types of skills and number of workers we need to
It would affect the stakeholders either positively or negatively but the main aim is to have a pragmatic relationship nevertheless. Maintenance work however is the routine work that goes on over a constant period of time. A project on the other hand is a one
A project is also called planning to accomplish a particular goal that requires the coordination between certain human and environmental factors. The concept of project was widened with the introduction of the
Each of this stage serves to accomplish a unique agenda of tasks and together, these stages are referred to as the project life cycle.
As the first stage of the entire process, this phase provides the project
During the System Development Cycle of any system, it is important to establish the system requirements of the new system to be. To determine the accounting information system requirements, it was necessary to carry
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Project Life Cycle for FREE!