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Business Finance - Research Paper Example

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The Financial Review is where business performance is quantified in dollars The Financial Review has two major parts: Discussion and Analysis, and Audited Financial Statements. A third part might include information supplemental to the Financial Statements. In the Discussion and Analysis, management explains changes in operating results from year to year. This explanation is presented mainly in a narrative format, with charts and graphs highlighting the comparisons. The Operating results are numerically captured and presented in the Financial Statements. ( 2005)
The balance sheet represents the financial picture as it stood on one particular day, December 31, 19X9, as though the wheels of the company were momentarily at a standstill. Typical Manufacturing's balance sheet not only includes the most recent year, but also the previous year. This lets you compare how the company fared in its most recent years.
The balance sheet is divided into two sides: on the left are shown assets; on the right are shown liabilities and shareholders' equity. Both sides are always in balance. ...
Current liabilities

Accounts payable
Notes payable
Accrued expenses
Income taxes payable
Other liabilities

Total current liabilities



Long-term liabilities

Deferred income taxes
12.5% Debentures payable 2010
Other long-term debt

Total libilities



Shareholders Equity

Preferred staock $5.83 cumulative,
$100 par value authorized, issued and outstanding


Common stock $5.00 par value,
authorized 20,000,000 shares,
19x9 issued 15,000,000 shares,
19x8 14,500,000 shares


Additional paid-in capital
Retained earnings
Foreign currency translation adjustments
Less: Treasury stock at cost
(19x9-1,000; 19x8-1,000 shares)



Total shareholders' equity



Total liabilities and shareholders' equity



Company Inc.

Consolidated Income Statement

December 31,19X9 and 19X8 (dollars in thousands)

Net sales
Cost of sales



Gross margin
Operating expenses
Depreciation and amortization


Selling, general and administrative expenses



Operating income
Other income (expense)
Dividends and interest income


Interest expense



Income before income taxes and extraordinary loss
Income taxes



Income before extraordinary loss
Extraordinary item: Loss on early extinguishment
of debt (net of income tax benefit of $750) ...Show more


This paper encompasses a detailed examination of business finance.More specifically the paper will explain the role of the finance management for a large UK plc and the factors influence exerted by the financial environment in the acquisition of long - term financial resources (the financial decision) including the range of resources available from within that environment
Author : noemi27
Business Finance Research Paper essay example
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