An Ethical Analysis of the Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport
An Ethical Analysis of the Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport - Assignment Example
Nobody downloaded yet
Extract of sample An Ethical Analysis of the Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport
This paper illustrates that John Mill introduced ‘utilitarianism’, a consequentialistic theory that sees good behavior or actions as those that generate the ‘greatest good for the greatest number of people’. This theory supports the knowledge about the outcomes of actions and of abiding by norms or standards encouraging these principles. Utilitarianism largely argues that the morally correct decision is the decision that generates the greatest good. There are numerous ways to explain this overall argument. One aspect worth mentioning is that the perspective is a kind of consequentialism, which states that the correct action is viewed wholly in relation to the outcomes generated. There are two forms of utilitarianism-- act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. The difference between these two lies in how or where they are used. Act utilitarianism is used in the process of choosing a specific action under a given situation, whereas rule utilitarianism is used in the selection of a cluster of guidelines, which are consequently exercised to choose a particular action in a given situation. Act utilitarianism argues that an action or behavior becomes morally correct when it generates the most good for most people, whereas rule utilitarianism claims that the moral rightness of a decision relies on the rightness of the guidelines that enable it to attain the highest good. Act utilitarianism is the conviction that it is fine to violate a rule so long as it creates a higher good, whereas rule utilitarianism argues that even if a principle cannot generate a higher good, violating it will not either. Rule utilitarianism is a reaction to several of the main criticisms against act utilitarianism.
This essay analyses the ethical issue inherent in the practice of using performance-enhancing drugs in sport. The five main ethical perspective used in this essay are utilitarianism, Kantian deontology, Rawl’s theory of justice, rights, and normative ethical relativism. …
From gladiators to chariot racers, they all used some form of herb mixture to enhance their performance in sports by preventing fatigue and injuries. These extracts were made from mushroom extracts or plants seeds that are still used up to date in the making of either liquid or tablet performance enhancements. Sports people have used PEDs for a long time since the Greek and Roman age. During earlier years, coaches provided their sports men with their own recipes that included mixtures of strychnine.
The use of performance-enhancing drugs in the sports area has been in existence since the ancient Maya and Greece (Jeffrey, Jose, and Douglas 12). Performance potions were used by the Greeks to enhance their abilities, while cocoa leaves were used by the Maya for the same purpose as the Greeks’.
Proponents of the use of drugs to improve performance state that it improves physical and mental versatility, and this can be in no way harmful. However, the opponents state that human beings are intelligent enough as they are and have made many strides without aid. Aiding this advancement using drug use would lower the value of any work done by an individual. This means that the use of drugs would reduce the importance of hard work and reduce the impact of many earned successes.
These substances have the effect of enabling athletes to achieve somewhat superhuman levels of strength and endurance. The pressure on today's athletes to perform and compete at very high levels is intense, and performance enhancing drugs are a very tempting way to easily push one's natural performance capabilities to otherwise impossible levels. Unfortunately, they exact a tremendous toll on the athlete's physical wellbeing, as well as on the integrity of the sport in which it is being utilized.
These substances range from caffeine, a constituent of beverages frequently consumed in many societies, through the generally socially tolerated drugs, such as alcohol and marijuana, to the hard, addictive drugs such as the narcotic analgesics related to heroin and morphine and the psychomotor stimulants such as cocaine. Thesis Very often, female contenders are overlooked when it comes to performance enhancing drugs in sport because of different rules and procedures applied to women and men, and different body constitution and chemicals reactions which prevent laboratories to identify illicit substances.
Steroids are often used to build muscle mass in people with degenerative diseases like muscular dystrophy, which are obtained by prescription. However, performance-enhancing drugs like steroids are being used by adolescence, which are sometimes "available over the counter or marketed as natural substances not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (Garzon, Ewald,Rutledge, Meadows, 2006, 159)." The abuse of performance-enhancing drugs, especially by adolescence, is a very serious problem.
Performance enhancing drugs have been a bane in the field of sports for a very long time, as athletes have tried to gain unfair advantage through its use, and suffered due to the side effects. Two factors have led to a belief that
The pressure to highly perform and to look good has led many athletes to disregard the potentially severe repercussions to their bodies and their reputations in order to artificially ensure their success. Obviously, zero tolerance policies have only had limited success in stemming this scourge. The next step should be aggressive high profile criminal prosecutions.
There are two sides to the debate, both with their respective arguments that are equally non-refutable. This makes it even more difficult to arrive at a conclusion on whether legalization of drugs is fair and possible.
However, the definition of sports has entirely changed in this age (Wilson, 2001).
Now a day maximum extent of the professional players is interested in enhancing their performance so as to improve their image and reputation
8 pages (2000 words)Assignment
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org