There are different organizational theories in a firm mainly; Classical theory and neoclassical theory. The classical theory focuses more on work while the neo classical theory focuses on workers. Classical organizational theories include the Taylors scientific management approach, Weber bureaucratic theory and the administrative theory. Taylors scientific becomes based on the idea of planning of office work to achieve, standardization, efficiency, specialization and job simplification. According to Taylors approach, mutual trust between the management and employees is essential to increase productivity. In order to improve the level of trust; the advantages of job productivity should go to the employees, anxiety and physical stress should be removed from job area. Also, workers productivity should be enhanced through training and the traditional concept of the boss should be removed (Harold 2003, p.28). Weber bureaucratic theory got based on the following principles: Structure, this showed that, in an organization, job positions should be arranged in a hierarchal way, each worker assigned a certain amount of authority and responsibility. ...Show more
Organization Behaviour Name: Institution: How organizational theory underpins the practice of management An organization is an assembly of individuals working together to achieve certain common objectives through the division of workforce. It is in an organization where the individual strengths can be used to achieve more in a group rather than individually…
This paper analyzes factors that affect the structure and culture and individual behaviour at workplace environments, explains leadership styles and describes organizational theory and management approaches. This paper suggests that transformational leadership is most effective style of the leadership because it encompasses charismatic power and it can bring changes to the organization.
Human capital are undoubtedly the most powerful and highly productive assets in any organisation, because, all other resources such as materials, technology, time etc can be effectively utilized only if human capital are managed successfully.
Just what is the Joint Commission? It is an accreditation and certification agency that is an independent and not-for profit organization overseeing the quality of more than 15,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States (Joint Commission Website, 2011).
Among the most challenging tasks that business leaders encounter, change management stands out across the globe as a critical task which leaders need to be critical of, thus the reason for Morgan (2006) giving simple metaphors to guide on the same: organisations as an organism, machine, brain, psychic prison, political system, culture, instruments of domination and flux and transformation.
In such backdrop, Zacharatos, Barling and Iverson (2005) argued that there cannot be one leadership style that can fit the purpose of different organization hence effectiveness of different leadership style in different organization varies significantly. To prove the argument, Zacharatos, Barling and Iverson (2005) contrasted leadership style effectiveness in high-performance work systems as against organizations where performance measurement is comparatively flexible.
On the other hand, extrinsic motivation comes into play when a worker is compelled to do something or act a certain way because of factors external to him such as money.
According to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of human needs theory, it states that human beings have needs and desires which influence their behaviour.
As an illustration, heroin abuse does lead to financial criminal behaviours; that is, the abusers commit crimes with the specific objective being the financing and re-financing of their heroin habits. A more general causal relationship, that substance abuse per se causes crimes in all spheres, is simply not supported by the empirical data.
The alternative argument, that the behaviour of leaders is the determinant of trust, is also considered in opposition to this main argument. The issue of trust is also discussed, unpacking the related issues which form trust, such as loyalty, obedience, and motivation.
The leadership styles and the motivational approaches adopted by the organizations also affect the organizational behaviour in the workplace. The key factors influencing the organizational behaviour of the organizations have
This is critical for leaders to understand if they are to manage people effectively. Psychologists have embarked on a rigorous process of categorizing different people. This categorization has been done based on certain personality traits that people in each category
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