The people who developed the theory believe barter trade being replaced by money exchange is not sufficient to determine a good monetary economy. However, barter trade is considered to be slow and cumbersome, features that are ease by money exchange system. Furthermore, the money system has changed the general functioning economic system; it has also changed the economy parties’ responsibilities. Money system has also enabled easy and fast financial analysis to certain whether the business is in a profit or loss trend. The monetary theory is known to have emerged from critics of the high class businesses evaluation, the reason being that the neo-classical interpretation mode did not consider the small business owners also called the macro-groups. The distribution theory is not well appreciated and instead a theory which recognizes banks as they provide the best payment means as well as the firms’ power since it determines the best locations of important resources. France has got two major groups namely: Dijon school, headed by Bernard Schmitt together with Alvaro cencini. The main problem associated with this group is re –examination of Keynesian based economy as well as international payment analysis. The other group is headed by Alain Parguez Paris based and Francois Poulon heads the Bordeaux branch. This group faces analysis difficulties related to its levels of activities, unemployment as well policies stabilizations. The general equilibrium theory is rejected by the author of this article as its more of the barter trade theory which is considered to be technical means of exchange. The current macro-economics is also rejected due to the exogenous nature of the money stock. Origin and money nature is not well specified in the theory. The theory does not portray the banks and firms relationships instead rely on the unconvincing income distribution notion. The authors reveal further the difficulty in assessing the relationships between the circuit and the Post-Keynesian School. The limitations is associated with government deficits, the stock of money is either increased or reduced due to the transactions between the Central bank as well as Commercial banks. The circuit theory is more of the Wicksellian theory considered to be credit economy based. Circuit theory tends to replace the monetory economy due the latter inconsistency in money commodity. Money commodity can be generally defined as the kind of money which can be created by any producer for himself. Commodity money resembles the slow and cumbersome barter trade hence token money informs of paper currency has gained preference. However it is worth noting that paper currency itself is not enough to define or determine monetary based economy. For instance delivering goods to a customer who would pay later makes the buyer the debtor and you as the seller the creditor, such transaction is not monetary based but credit economy. There are three major vital conditions required for money based economy to exist. Money should be in token currency to limit chances of barter trade. Money should also be accepted by all parties i.e. the sellers and the buyer as a means of payment, this limits credit transactions. Agents making payments; the buyers should not be given privilege of seignorage when making payments in other words they should not lengthen their promises to pay for the goods they had earlier received. The above named conditions can only be met if payments are made as promises of an extra party apart from the buyer and seller. Banks is the third party in the modern world. For
A single currency and that too in a uniform way would mean immense financial freedom for all and sundry. The institution of a singular currency would resolve many problems that exist today…
The role of Euro as a major currency with its significant influence in the world economy has acted as a launching pad for the discussions with reference to the introduction of regional currency unification by the various regions for the benefit of the international trade and economic development.
Write an overview, of approximately 750 words, of the argument for the institution of a world currency. A single currency and that too in a uniform way would mean immense financial freedom for all and sundry. The institution of a singular currency would resolve many problems that exist today.
This dominance has been of tremendous benefit for the financial system of the U.S. and her consumers. The U.S. government has gained tremendous influence and power around the world because of use of the dollar. Today, the U.S. dollar accounts for more than 60% of foreign currency reserves in the world.
With better argumentation skills, I have become a better speaker too with clear and valid claims, grounds, and warrants. At the same time, I am a more critical media consumer. When I read or listen to arguments in the media, I can thoroughly and objectively assess the validity of their claims.
There have been debates for and against the idea, but no closing conclusion has been reached yet. Most arguments provide that, in the foreseeable future, the closest the world can get to a SGC is to have currency zones such as the U.S. zone, Euro zone and the Yen zone (Volcker 8).
This literature review would examine the theoretical and conceptual constructs of currency hedging strategies and their relevance or irrelevance to all firms in a highly competitive and risk prone money market.
In the first instance currency hedging practices have their relative individual significance vis--vis non-currency investment opportunities and net returns on such investment vehicles (Zarin, & Zimmerman, 2006).
EU is inconsistent with conventional sovereignty rules. Its member states have created supranational institutions (the European Court of Justice, the European Commission, and the Council of Ministers) that can make decisions opposed by some member states.
economy. Other than the U.S., there are also other key players (the likes of Japan and E.U.) that are pressuring the Chinese government to raise the value of their currency in order to solve the trade imbalance between the Chinese and foreign products.
ted risk thus minimizing the level of risk associated with such developments like inflation, changes in interest rates and exchange rate volatility (Hsin, Kuo, & Lee, 1994). This literature review would examine the theoretical and conceptual constructs of currency hedging
such as the large-scale health insurance companies like Aetna and Cigna at the expense of the general public and the private sectors (Grim, 2011; Dunham, 2010).
Regardless of whether or not each person can receive an employer-sponsored healthcare plan, Galewitz (2010) mentioned
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