The Basic Guide to Essay Writing

There are many essay types, and all of them have different purposes, however the basic structure is always the same. In essay writing, your main aim is to cover the topic entirely, provide strong argumentation, and follow the logical structure.

With these easy steps and your best ideas, the process of writing will be smooth and fast.

Step #1: Read before you write

First, read all the instructions your teacher gave you and make sure you understand them entirely. Then start your research. It is impossible to compose an essay before you read enough materials about the topic. For instance, if it is Issues and Dilemmas of Contemporary Public Administration, you should first find books, journals, articles, and other academic materials to familiarize yourself with the subject. Make sure to take notes and outline the most important points while you read.

Step #2: Create your first draft

Using the notes you have taken while reading, make a list of the main points and ideas you would like to include in your paper. Do not hesitate and write every thought that comes to your mind, no matter how relevant and smart it is – this is your first draft and nobody will see it. Sometimes the best ideas appear randomly.

Do not start writing until you have composed a detailed draft. Only after you have a “skeleton” of your paper, you can start organizing your thoughts into an actual essay. This will help you keep everything in mind and include every detail you want.

Step #3: Write an introduction

Your introduction should briefly express what your paper is going to be about. Give your readers an idea of your research and explain why this topic is important. Do not include too much information here – save it for the body of your essay. Include a thesis statement at the end of the introduction paragraph. A thesis statement should describe the main argument of your paper.

Step #4: Write the body of your essay

Each of your ideas should be presented in a separate paragraph, supporting your claims with quotations from the reliable sources. Make sure to use quotations correctly: you need them to demonstrate that your own ideas are correct and relevant. Also, keep up with a required formatting style and arrange every quotation carefully. Remember, using thoughts of other authors without proper referencing is plagiarism.

Step #5: Write a conclusion

A conclusion is a paragraph that summarizes the main points of your essay. You don’t have to include any new information in your conclusion – just restate your thesis statement and sum the things up. You are free to include your own point of view about the topic or end your essay with a question – this will leave your readers interested about the topic.

Step #6: Proofread it several times

Do not rush to get it done. Read your paper several times, revise, and edit it until it is perfect. Correct misprints, grammar and punctuation mistakes and check the instructions again to make sure that you didn’t forget to include anything. Ask your friend or a member of your family to read your paper to check whether your text is readable and clear. Make sure that your sentences and paragraphs are related to each other and your paper has a logical flow. Remember, poor structuring of a single sentence can ruin the whole text.

To achieve high results at high school or college, it is crucial that you understand how to structure and write your papers. Use this guide every time you are assigned to write an essay and make sure to follow this basic advice!