Therefore, qualitative analysis will allow any researcher to document and bring out relationships between the research question and data sources , develop patterns and trends, themes and categories, which best helps a researcher to understand the data and make meanings from the trends established. This makes qualitative analysis through surveys the best research approach to employ in any social phenomena. Yang & Wayckoff (2010) in their research Perceptions of safety and victimization: does survey construction affect perceptions? Clearly indicate the appropriateness of a survey in establishing trends, themes, and relationships between collected data sets and the subjects to better understand a social issue. The research seeks to establish whether question order in surveys involving victimization have any effect on the answers provided by respondents, in establishing the respondent’s characteristics, and question order effects in understanding the best way to arrange questions in a survey involving victims of criminology. This study aims at establishing social relationships between crime victims and survey questions to measure how such victims would respond to questions related to victimization; this implies the research question just like any other social research questions aims at establishing patterns and trends to make a hypothesis regarding the behavior of such victims in answering survey questions. As Livesey (2006) explains, such a study would apply a positivists approach in methodology which makes it possible to establish social behavioral patterns. Therefore, the survey methodology as used in this research is appropriate and ideal in bringing out behaviors of such crime victims in a survey. The main motivation in justifying the use of surveys in qualitative research in the study above is that such an approach will enable the researchers to develop various explanations of both social and cultural phenomena as would be observed from the data set collected (Zakaria, 2004). Such a survey would lead to a naturalistic way of exploring the data in a qualitative –descriptive approach, an approach which is ideal in understanding and interpreting data collected and observed in the best objective way possible (DeLyser, 2008). Through such research methodology, the aims of the research which are investigating the effects of question ordering in surveys for crime victims will be effectively realized. Wilmot (2009) explains that in qualitative research, the use of non-probability approach is critical and a researcher has to have a complete sample with no statistical representative. Therefore, the best approach in such a survey would be to use purposive sampling. The characteristic of individuals have to be reflected in the selection process to reflect both diversity and breadth of any sample population. Consequently, the researchers settled on carrying out the research in a university due to the high prevalence of victimization in universities, high rates of campus crimes, and growing concerns as a result of the high crime rates among parents (Jenning et al, 2007). Though such a sample could be considered to limit the generalization of such findings, the researchers explained that the university in which the research was carried out comprises of diverse student population with a random sample of student populatio
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CRIMINOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE CRITICAL EVALUATION BY PRESENTED TO DATE Criminology journal article critical evaluation Qualitative research through application of surveys is most applicable when relationships and trends have to be investigated in social issues…
There are plenty of historical accounts of criminology, starting with classical ideas which discuss the interplay of free will on the part of individuals and the existence of methods of punishment to deter the worst excesses which occur when people exercise their free will.
The ethics of marketing is not a new subject and debate on the ‘deceptive’ side of marketing is often witnessed in the academic circles. The article by Hackley, Tiwsakul, & Preuss (2008) focuses on product placement and the ethical issues product placement pose.
438). Loader and Sparks questioned the validity of the social and political uses of criminology, as well as in changing the old methods established in the study of crime and punishment. It was also established that the methods being implemented in the United States are most likely to be valid due to their procedures not based on criminology itself.
Online resources include electronic books, articles, magazines, digitalized primary collections, statistical collections and many others. The paper will investigate some of the crucial factors to consider when using online resources. Discussion Experts agree that learners wishing to utilize online resources should consider various factors.
Nevertheless, scenes of brutality present opportunities for prison films to challenge the existing penal state since any opposition discourse is subject to an entanglement similar to a scene of violence and sexual assault. Secondly, presentation of prisoners as dehumanised and deserving of harsh treatment together with acceptance and normalization of death penalty reaffirm prison as a cornerstone for criminal justice sanctions; thus, prison films offer information to viewers.
s at job) and support variables (i.e., perceived manager support and relative flexibility of work schedule) would demonstrate stronger effects on W 3 F conflict for individuals in the work profile than for participants in the family profile.
H4: Family-related stress variables