Ethics and Asylum Seekers in Australia - Essay Example
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The majority of the refugees ended up in the two Pacific Island nations which the Australian government hurriedly organized. Australian immigration official stated that at the time, there was an influx of illegal boat arrivals which pushed the federal parliamentary government of Australia to come up with the “Pacific Solution Policy” in February of 2001. Australia’s immigration department stated that in February 2002 there were 356 asylum seekers from Iraq mostly, whose status was being processed in the island of Manos in Papua New Guinea, and there were 1,159 refugees in Nauru which overall total is 1,500 asylum seekers. These Islands were happy to take these refugees in an exchange with the financial aid coming from Australia. Though there has been no official report on the figures it has been reported that the president of Nauru Rene Harris negotiated a $15m for the accommodation of more than 1000 asylum seekers (BBC Q&A, 2002). “In the harshest border policy in the Westernized world, the Australian Navy was then deployed to intercept asylum-seekers at sea. The government also excised Australia's offshore islands from its immigration zone in order to deprive boat people of the right to claim asylum”( Marks, 2007).
Where do we draw the line on helping the unfortunate? What should be the guiding rule on welcoming and accepting people running for refuge in our more fortunate land? What are the human rights of an individual? The United Nations declaration of human rights proclaims the right:
1.) To life, to freedom from subjection, to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or to slavery, servitude or forced labor.2.To liberty and security of the person. 3.) To a fair trial. 4.) To freedom from retroactive criminal law or punishments. 5.) With respect to private and family life, home, and correspondence. 6.) To freedom of thought.
Ethics on its simplest definition is about conducting oneself right. States and religions did not invent ethics. It has its origin from God. In the Bible, it is called wisdom. The current essay will conduct a discussion regarding such claim examining a particular case study happened in Australia…
“A refugee is a person who is outside his country of origin and fearful of returning home because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, identity, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”. The term 'refugee' therefore refers to a situation where a person has been forced to flee to another country or is forced to remain in another country and not return home because of some situations in his home country that makes it impossible to return to his home country.
Britain has an obligation to maintain asylum seekers and never to return them in countries where they are vulnerable to persecution. Refugee convention defines asylum seeker as an individual who seeks refuge in another country for fear of being persecuted in his or her own country for various reasons such as political opinion, religion, race, nationality or identifying himself with a specific group.
Immigration has been a common practice within the human culture and has been evidenced by the frameworks that have been crafted within government structures of different countries to deal with the feature. Governments acknowledge that there exists immigration into or out of these countries either legally or even illegally and thus the need for regulatory frameworks.
Beginning in 2003 until the present, non-Jewish immigrants from African countries have arrived in Israel through illegal means. Currently numbering almost 15,000 according to data from the local UN High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR), these refugees come from Sudan’s Darfur region and from the countries of Eritrea and Ethiopia.
The present study shall focus on the challenges to social integration and cultural assimilation confronting asylum seekers and refugees to Britain. As numerous researchers have pointed out, the failure to integrate is a serious problem and functions as a potential threat to social cohesion.
Global share: If we consider global refugee and asylum seeking population the UK ranks 32nd in the world in relation to the host country's overall size, population and wealth. The number of asylum applications the UK received in 2002 represented about 0.01 percent of the global refugee population and about 0.03 per cent of the refugee population in Europe.
This is the most effective safeguard for asylum seekers and refugees despite it giving priority to individuals over the state. Many principles laid down by the Court have played a significant role in securing the rights of individuals who are likely to face prohibited treatment in their original countries.
According to Balchin (2002, p. 106), it covers health care, criminal justice system as well as equality and education. It also deals with health policy, housing policy, education policy, economic (income) policy and family policy among other issues related to
For example, according to United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) there were more 165000 irregular refugees trying to enter Europe through the Mediterranean sea in the first nine months of 2014 (Peter, 2014, para. 5). The increased migrations can be attributed to economic factors and mainly conflicts in home countries.
The word asylum means protection given to someone by a country, who are fleeing persecution in their own country. It is given under the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees Britain is one of the prominent secular democratic countries in the world which gives human rights, liberty and freedom more value than anything else.
3 pages (750 words)Essay
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