The concept of ‘Internet of Thing’ is closely related to network ubiquity, which refers to identification, virtual connectivity and tracking of daily connection objects. This connectivity if the object and the virtual communication system have been enabled by the introduction of modern technology, particularly NFC (Near Field Communication), a device that is responsible for linking virtual information to different physical devices through proximity (Langer, & Roland, 2010). Nearly every place or object can supplied with this technology (NFC tags) and this would aid in providing useful information and proximate identification to the smart device users such as smartphones and tablet computers. For instance, the application of this device would provide detailed information about a music concert advert as well as allowing purchasing of the concert’s tickets using their phones as the technology allows for direct dispensing of the tickets through the smartphones and computers. The technological interaction behind the NFC has remained invisible to majority of the users who are unleobtrusively struck to concern posters (Langer, & Roland, 2010). The validity of these tickets can simply be verified by just waving the smartphone or computer across the NFC reader device installed at the entrance to the hall. After the event, the attendance can easily share the photos taken during the concert by just holding their Smartphone together. NFC Technology Technical Principles and Historical Progression Near Field Communication (NFC) is a high frequency wireless form of communication technology that enables effective exchange of data and information between devices that are four inches distance apart. The NFC is just but an expansion of ISO/IEC 14443 or RFID proximity-card standard that is a combination of reader and smartcard interface into one simple device. The NFC standardization covers data exchange format and communications protocols that are based on the already existing RFID (radio-frequency identification) standards including FeliCa and IEC/ISO 14443 (Want, 2011). The RFID technology was introduced by 1970s and has since then been critical in enhancing telecommunication industry. The RFID technology realizes automatic data transfer and identification by the use of electromagnetic radio signals by active reader means connected passive electronic tag and energy source that relies on magnetic inductions to transponder the receiving of communication power (Want, 2011). The RFID tag is fixed with antenna that is responsible for receiving and transmitting radio signals. The device is also fitted with integrated circuits for storing and processing information as well as demodulating and modulating the signal received. In 2004, Sony, Nokia, and NXO Semiconductors founded the popular NFC Forum purposely to standardize the then existing smart card technology and the RFID technologies together, thus creating an innovative and novel capability targeting short-range communication. The NFC Forum still support companies that aims at standardizing NFC technology. Technical Characteristics and Operation Modes The main advantage of this technology (NFC) that was made its success possible is its compatibility with the RFID infrastructure, many smart cards, and RFID tags. The NFC is built on subsets of ISO standards that are already in existence, including ISO/IEC 14443 standards that are
Near Field Communications and their Operations Name: Instructor: Date: Introduction Over the last three decades, there has been significant improvement and advancement in technology with telecommunication sector being the major beneficiary of these technological advancements…
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