The aim of this research work is to design and performance evaluation of 0.2 – 0.5 Hz Butterworth, Blackman and Chebyshev digital semi adaptive filters. For this work XILINX and MATLAB software’s were used for the design. As pert of practical research work these designs were translated Using FPGA hardware SPARTAN-3E kit. These were optimized, analyzed, compared and evaluated keeping the sampling frequency at 1Hz for 64 orders. These filters designed using software were tested by passing a sinusoidal test signal of 5 Hz along with noise and the filtered Output signals are presented. Signal to Noise ratios were evaluated, plotted and comparative analysis carried out in this paper. Keywords Digital filter, XILINX and MATLAB software’s, Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), SPARTAN-3E, DSP Chips, DIP switches Contents ABSTRACT 2 Contents 3 1. INTRODUCTION. 5 2. LITERATURE REVIEW 7 4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. 44 6. CONCLUSION 54 Reference list 55 1. INTRODUCTION. 1.1 Problem statement. The possibility of real time and low cost digital filtering emerged in when general purpose of microcomputers were introduced in the 1970s. The earlier designed digital filters had limited precision and speed which limited them to a restricted their application to simple algorithms and low frequency . In the 1980s, in its historical development DSP Chips which were of higher special cost were introduced (Tomlinson 1991). This contained an on chip D/A converter were incorporated and later improvements in their speed and complexity were advanced by ICS . This gave birth to the advanced digital filter design of today ( VolKenberg, 1987). Availability of F.P.G.A series kits helps researchers to take practical designs of semi adaptive band pass filters from low to high frequencies. It is on this basis that this project is designed to provide a high factor and high performance factor in attenuating frequencies which are undesirable for certain applications like the electrocardiogram. 1.2 Objective The objectives of this project are: To inter-grate a low pass and high pass digital filters in a substrate known as band pass filter. To design FIR band pass that can help to extract low frequency of between 0.2-0.5 Hz 1.3 Scope of work The scope of this work is to design and develop a finite impulse response band pass digital filter. The following lists of objectives must be completed with the following in mind: 1. The scope of this project is making literature review which will survey on the magazine, journal, textbooks or conference papers. 2. During literature review, all the information such as theory and design of a digital filter will be explored. 3. Calculation based on Butter-worth and Chebyshev response will be done 4. Entering of the filter characteristics to generate coefficients using the FDAT tool block. 5. After the coefficients have been generated by the use of the FDAT tool block, design simulation using the FIR block will be done. 6. The last step in the finite impulse response band base filter design will be to hardware verify the performance of the hardware in the loop. 7. The preliminary work will use MATLAB tools and the result will compare with the theoretical result. 8. Finally, fabricate and make measurement for analysis result will be made based on the designed device. 1.4 METHODOLOGY This project will start with the background study of band pass basic concept through hole
DESIGN OF A BANDPASS FIR DIGITAL FILTER TO EXTRACT SUB – HZ LOW FREQUENCY SIGNAL. Presented to In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of [Project Dated: ABSTRACT Technologies have developed and advanced rapidly in the field of digital signal processing due to advances made in high speed, low cost digital integrated chips…
This research will attempt ro critically scrutinize other interventions put forward by other researchers such as HARRIS who embraces IIR prototypes, to quantify the quality improvements for several IIR prototypes achievable, to analyze the feasibility of using double precision floating point in MATLAB to solve problems regarding curricular signal processing in relation to getting data for analysis in filtering.
Literature Review 2.1. Introduction Skills Footwear & Co. was established in 1980 and has the core business of manufacturing men’s footwear products for the local market. The firm was very successful primarily due to its competitive edge of the exemplary quality, competitively priced products and sustainable volumes of the products produced.
The situation is very common in most other Asian Airports. The Airport Technology (2010) for instance reports that “during the winter, Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) is enveloped in dense fog for an average of ten to 15 days each time.” Such foggy weather conditions reduce visibility, causing low visibility in airports.
Analysis 9 3.1. Innovation from a Marketing Perspective 9 3.2. Nature and Importance of Design and Innovation in Insurance 10 3.3. Organisational Theory 12 4.0. Conclusion 16 References 17 Bibliography 22 1.0. Introduction In the current financial dispensation, insurance has captured centre stage of the world troubled financial economy, and has shown impressive growth worldwide.
The housing demand is one of the most important issues and challenges which are facing developing and developed countries and both of them have tried to solve and face their housing demands by different policies. Some of the policies and proposals have met the needs of the different levels of society.
This is regardless of numerous African states being Western states’ former colonies, whereby afterwards they continued to finance them to improve their economies although this is incomparable to China’s recent heavy investing in the region (Taylor 2006).
The people who are expected to use this VoIP service are the nurses who respond to emergencies, fire fighters, the police and the victims of the emergencies. The sponsors of this project who are an emergency response unit found out that they almost always reached the scene of the emergencies being late, and when they arrived there, they had to wait to in order for other stakeholders to arrive.
The Evolution 8 2.3. The Design Principles 10 2.4. Summary 14 3. Building Information Modeling 18 3.1. The Concept 18 3.2. Application of BIM in Design Stages 22 4. Sustainable Design by using BIM 26 4.1. Design Tools 26 4.2. Summary 28 5. Case Study 29 5.1.
Phonemic awareness is the ability of a student to isolate, manipulate, blend and segment sounds that are spoken and be able to write them down. In the world today, lack of phonemic awareness has been identified as the major weakness that has reduced language performance, and the fact that this problem is persistent among many students, makes it a critical matter that deserves attention.
Doganis defines low-cost airlines as airlines ‘’ that modeled themselves as Southwest’’. However, Shaw defines it as ‘’airlines which are able to deliver the product basics of frequency and punctuality, but which do not offer luxurious seating and high level of provision of food, drinks, and in-flight entertainments.
48 pages (12000 words)Dissertation
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