Bullen and Janes (2007) reckon that institutions of higher education around the world are now appreciating the importance of e-learning as a strategy of managing the ever-growing and ever-changing student populations. Life-long learning has become a necessity, while at the same time time-constraints and job commitments and the sheer numbers of students pursuing education make it more sensible to pursue other forms of delivering education besides the traditional institution-based form. As a result, distance learning was born and developed and now online education is developing at ever increasing rates. Beard et al. (2007) however argues that there is a risk of e-learning focusing on the technological aspect rather than the educational aspect; that is, more emphasis on the “e” than on the “learning”. A deep theoretical foundation is thus required to sustain e-learning. From the learning theories developed for traditional face-to-face education, theories for online teaching and learning can be extrapolated and studied. This paper addresses a theoretical framework for online education based on existing ones, based on the statement that a constructivist-minimalist theory is the most effective in guiding online teaching and learning. This theory is developed from my own experience as an online learning student and hence I will focus on how the theory guides my approach to e-learning and how it affects my learning practices. The Constructivism-Minimalism Theory I developed this theory from two existing theories; the constructivism and the minimalism theories. To begin with, the constructivism theory is one in which cognition is focused upon. The learner undertakes an active learning process in which new ideas are constructed from their knowledge (Kearsely, 1994). It is meant to influence the student to explore beyond the information given to them by the instructor through cognitive structures which provide meaning and organization. Bruner (1966) states that the instructor should aim to influence the students to construct their own hypotheses, and make decisions and discover principles on their own. A spiral model is utilized to make students build knowledge upon existing knowledge in them. The instructor designs the most effective sequence for presentation of material and structures it to facilitate the learners’ comprehension. A consequence of the constructivism theory is that it enables me to associate it with another theory so as to come up with my own perspective. Carroll’s Minimalist theory is specifically designed for computer users and hence quite applicable to online education. In a close relation to Bruner’s constructivism theory, the minimalist theory also focuses on exploiting the learner’s previous knowledge and experience besides advocating for an active learning process. The backbone to the minimalist theory is the idea that instructors should minimize the obstruction of learning resulting from instructional materials and instead focus efforts on activities that are learner-directed. Passive forms of learning are minimized, with the learners being prompted to fill in the gaps, besides error recognition and recovery activities (Carroll, 1998; Kearsely, 1994; Patsula, 1999). The Constructivist-minimalist theory that I have developed
Online education is a convergence of the internet and learning activities as the world further integrates into the digital era. Bullen and Janes (2007) reckon that institutions of higher education around the world are now appreciating the importance of e-learning as a strategy of managing the ever-growing and ever-changing student populations. …
However, with the advent of technology, the traditional methods of teaching in a classroom are being questioned. Now, researchers and teachers as well as students and parents are looking towards computers and the internet to provide an alternative to the conventional teaching methods.
Name: Instructor’s Name: Course: Date of Submission: Online Education Over the years it has been seen that education has taken up several forms. With the advent of technology education has also been integrated with technology. Previously it was seen that education was achieved through written forms of pen and pencil.
Throughout the history, education has been imparted through schools which required the students to come to the classroom to receive education. Many schools nowadays provide students with the choice between online and traditional education (Jhosta, 2006). Hence, students can receive education right in their bedroom using the option of online education.
According to the report the whole concept of providing lectures online was probably meant by its creators to function as an educational substitute in cases of students who could not be able to, for one reason or another, reach their classrooms. It is doubtful that online courses were ever meant to take over from traditional classrooms.
This massive education does not provide the actual course contents like group discussion, group assignment, and educator-driven information. Initially, people get updated with dynamic changing demands in profession, education, industries and commerce.
For the fact that some parents regarded winning over these games as a feat to the intellectual ability of the child, the primordial concern of play for fun objectives have been in demised. A lot of these kids can be found wanting more of their desires to win and achieve the highest level for these fun games.
The online tutors have helped a lot in the achievement and improvement of online tutoring and learning programs.
One of the permanent images substantiating the spirit of education is that of a tutor on one end of a log and a scholar on the other end. Tutoring online has double success as in conventional instruction.
According to the paper online education, that is also popularly known as distance learning or e-learning is a system of education where the students need not be confined to the fixed premises like the schools and universities, nor are they required to follow the straight jacketed academic schedules. Off course this system of education needs the teachers and instructors to design coursework and prepare assignments
However with the developing pace the traditional means of attaining education are changing. The introduction of information technology has brought forward a new way of learning through the internet. E-learning is the new form of education