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Electronic Communication - Essay Example

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Electronic Communication

Introduction With the advancement in technology, communication has over the years taken a new direction and adopted use of electronic media in the transmission and receiving of messages. However, the concept of electronic communication remains poorly understood by many people. This paper outlines categorically some examples that will help highlight the latter issue for ease of understanding. Basically, there are three types of electronic communications. These include: Simplex This is basically the simplest type of electronic communication and whereby transfer of messages is towards one direction at a time. In other words, the communication is one-way. Examples of such communication are: personal receiver (beeper), TV broadcasting and radio. Half duplex It’s a two way communication, but the message is transmitted by one party at a time. Examples of this include: police or military radio transmission, family radio, amateur radio etc. Full duplex This is the form in which most of the recent electronic communication adopts today. This is where people can transmit and receive messages simultaneously and a good example is the telephone. International policies or rules on electronic communication use A policy is typically described as a principle or rule to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes. A policy can be considered as a "Statement of Intent" or a "Commitment." For that reason at least, the decision-makers can be held accountable for their "Policy", (Paquette 200). Policies are therefore normally meant to ensure conformance with set objectives and in the case of electronic communication, one of the major issue of concern is privacy and security of communication. Electronic communication, unlike other forms of communication, poses great challenges to both the communicators and the communication service providers on how to ensure security of the messages. Another issue concerning use of electronic communication is its ability to bear legal value in that there have been issues on whether or not agreement reached using electronic communication can have evidential value (Madeline 198). There are, therefore, several policies governing use of electronic communication. One of the international policies on electronic communication is the New World Information Communication Order (NWICO). This is a UNESCO agency formed in the mid 1970s with the aim of bringing balance in world information flow (communication). NWICO was out to facilitate economic growth in the developing or third world countries by improving the communication system. According to it, free information flow encouraged economic development but was lacking in the developing countries. Among the demands made by NWICO are: balanced circulation of news, control over the means of communication, code of conduct to ensure unbiased reporting, development of national media to reflect national cultures and realities, improvement of the generation of information in the south and equal participation of the south in international information relations (Schiller 85). The argument here was that the countries in the north are more developed in terms of communication than those from the global south and therefore took dominance in the global communication system. It actually meant balance as well as freedom in world news and information flow ...Show more

Summary

Running head: Electronic Communications Course Number: Date Due Electronic Communications Definition of terms According to Shannon (59), communication is the act of conveying message; it is therefore the transfer of information from one point to another through a channel…
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