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Compares and contrasts formative, summative, and confirmative evaluation in the instructional design process - Research Paper Example

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Compares and contrasts formative, summative, and confirmative evaluation in the instructional design process

Here, the clarity, impact and feasibility of the message and the instruction are determined. In the small group evaluation, the entire group is handed similar feedback based on grouped outcome of the successes or difficulties. This effectively addresses the instruction rather than the learners. In the field trial evaluation, the instructor uses the design and course materials already modified twice to present a full-scale instructional session. Challenges with formative evaluation are often found in feasibility matters. Students’ capabilities, instructional environment and medium greatly impact the outcome of the stage. The motivation, independence and maturity of individual students will determine the required time to complete the stage (Smaldino, Rusell & Heinrich, 2005). Summative evaluation is beneficial because it is possible to develop consistent, standardized sets of information on each learner. It also creates a justification for wide-scale decision making in education programs. Summative evaluation uses two phases to assess the worth or merit of a program. The inclusion of external evaluators is beneficial because it adds value to the evaluation and design of the learning process and materials. In the expert judgment phase, feasibility, content, design and congruence analysis are examined. ...Show more

Summary

Instructional Design Process Name: Institution: Instructional Design Process Question One The benefit of formative evaluation in the instructional design is that experts in subject matter are a key element to the process (Paas, Renkl & Sweller, 2004). They identify inconsistencies in tasks and performances while providing guidelines on the detection, assessment and looping back of supportive feedback…
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