Successful adolescence development is considered as an inter-generational process which involves open minded young individuals taking advantages of new situations and responsible adults providing them with growth-enhancing opportunities,materials and caring…
The current study examines the previous research studies on four domains of adolescence development namely, physical, cognitive, social and emotional with special emphasis on household poverty. The specific objectives of the current study are to identify the concepts which are useful for measuring poverty and adolescent development and their association to investigate the impact of poverty on four domains of adolescent development. The paper is organized as follows. The first chapter presents the models, indicators and statistical concepts useful for measuring the household poverty level, adolescence development processes and the factors which influence the adolescence development. Second chapter on literature review describes the physical, cognitive, social and emotional development of the adolescents in poor families by reviewing the literature. Finally the conclusions are drawn relevant to adolescent development and poverty. Concepts The distinguished physical developmental characteristics such as development of breasts for girls and the deepened voices and broadened shoulders for boys are probably the most prominent characteristics of the adolescent development. ...
In the proceeding chapter, these domains are discussed in detail with reference to relevant research literature. Literature Review Physical Development The lower socio economic status in the family can result in impaired development and poorer health of children and increased mortality and morbidity of adults (Emerson et al., 2005). Purchasing power of the poor families is low. Limited access to foods and nutrients is a common problem faced by the third world countries. It is also well established that social support and health beliefs play an important role in physical activity level of the adolescence. These have been recorded as inadequate even among the poor youth in the USA (Debbie et al. 2008). In the US more than 25 percentage proportion of the adolescents are also overweight. More than 11 percentage proportion of the adolescents are obese which cause long term physical and mental health consequences in individuals. Wickrama et al. 2006, revealed that poverty, single parenthood and most of the racial minority statuses (African American, Hispanic American, and Native American racial/ethnic groups) are positively associated with obesity and overweight among adolescents in the USA. Asian American status however was found negatively correlated with these health problems. Emerson et al. 2005, used the statistics of National Statistics survey of the mental health of children and adolescents in Great Britain to study the health status of the adolescents and household income. Sample consisted of 10,438 children between the ages of 5 and 15. In the above study the physical development of the adolescents were measured in terms of nine categories namely, current ...
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It may also occur when people have less money or possessions than is considered acceptable socially. Poverty is an important issue in today’s society, and many people struggle to have enough money to live and to feed themselves and their family. People of many demographic backgrounds are affected by poverty, and there is a wide range of factors that lead people into this area.
During this period children’s major concern is acceptance by their age mates and membership in a gang, especially a prestigious gang, in the eyes of their age mates. Because of this concern for getting absorbed into the group, children are willing to conform to norms approved by groups in terms of appearance, speech behavior.
This is not a new issue for Canadian consideration. There has been a lot of discussion on all sides. The disagreements around child poverty in Canada seem to focus primarily on how poverty, and especially child poverty, should be measured, without being in the service of a specific political agenda.
Majority of these developed countries will attempt to conceal the real face of poverty in their countries and the fact that it does exist, within their borders with no consideration for skin color, gender, or race. Jo Godwin Parker in “What is Poverty”, contends that poverty afflicts peoples lives slowly, destroying what they have until they are left with nothing, exposing them to sacrifices and hardships that they must undergo with the aim of simply slowing down the process (Parker 1).
This paper draws round adolescent development incorporating psychological, cognitive and social development. The thought of identity formation is highlighted as a vital component of adolescent development. Two theories of identity development are showcased, such as Erikson’s Identity vs. Role Confusion and Marcia’s four identity classes.
This is one of the most sensitive stages in life because it involves a lot of monitoring; failure to this may lead to loss of direction in life. Therefore, it is important to enhance proper monitoring which entails
These include, victimization, chronic strain, biological responses and different coping styles than males . The high rates of depression that women experience a directly related to decreased productivity and
For instance most of the girls get conscious about their weight in this span of their lives, similarly majority of smokers start smoking at some part of their adolescence. Aggression, guilt and impatience are three innate characteristics that
This age is marked by a period of more discovery as the individual’s mental ability increases and he is able to grasp and understand more things on his own. The realization of oneself and the new biological developments can be at times misleading and they can lead