Name: Instructor: Task: Date: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) What is autism? Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are developmental disabilities that affect an individual’s communication capabilities, how they perceive the world around them and their behavioural performance…
These include: how the individual perceives the world; how they process information and how they relate to other people around them – social communication and social interaction. Individuals with Asperger Syndrome can have an aptitude that is either average or above average. That is the main reason why they have less challenges with regard to speech. It should be noted that Asperger Syndrome is hard to detect and distinguish in an individual. How can autism and Asperger syndrome be differentiated? Both syndromes are constituents of ASDs. As a result, they can be confused based on some of the common characteristics that they share. Distinctions between the two include: On set age: This refers to the age when the diagnosis is made. Autism can be detected as early as when the child starts growing up and/ or starts going to school. However, Asperger syndrome is noticed later on in the child’s or individual’s life; that is when they start to have a social life and interactions. Asperger syndrome causes challenges in three aspects which are commonly referred to as “triad of impairments”. These include: social communication, social interaction and social imagination while autism affects an individual’s cognitive development (understanding what is being talked about, understanding feelings, making decisions etc) as well as their communication abilities – they could also encounter a delay in language development. What causes Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)? The causes of ASDs have not yet being solemnly established. However, professionals perceive that ASDs could be caused by a number of causes. Some of these causes include: physical factors which may cause damage to optimal brain development of the individual; genetics where the individual can inherit from their parents multiple autistic genes; environmental factors such as being subjected to some metals – an example is mercury; toxins that could be existent in some vaccinations. According to an autism research that was conducted back in the 1930’s, the results revealed that every child who had developed autism then, had a parent who was in contact with mercury at one point in their lives; this lead to the development of an autistic gene that was later on passed to the child. Another study also suggested that autism in small children could be caused by some vaccinations which contain traces of mercury. The argument behind this ideology questioned the need of some vaccinations that are given to small children. The study projected that vaccinations “stimulate” the immune system. For the case of small children, there was no need to “stimulate” their immune system since it had not fully developed. Therefore, these vaccinations would become toxins and would lead to autoimmune responses towards the brains’ nerve fibres that would result to autism in small children. What are the signs and characteristics of ASDs? ASDs have a variety of signs and characteristics; however, these vary from one child to another. They include: Social skills challenges - Children with ASDs tend to have challenges with regard to their social skills. A child may: avoid eye contact; prefer playing alone; only interact when they are in need else they will not; lack the capability to express themselves as well as understand the feelings of other people around them. Communication challenges - There are different types of communication challenges that may occur to a child with ASD. Some children may not develop language skills at all, ...
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(“A parental booklet/ Information for parents/carers - Autistic Spectrum Assignment”, n.d.)
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(A Parental Booklet/ Information for Parents/Carers - Autistic Spectrum Assignment)
“A Parental Booklet/ Information for Parents/Carers - Autistic Spectrum Assignment”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/108694-a-parental-booklet-information-for-parents-carers.
It is a cycling illness affecting the ability to regulate one’s moods (Blazer & Steffens, 2009, p.301). Bipolar Disorder is characterized by either mania or hypomania which alternate or mix with depression. Thus, a typical feature of this disorder is an interplay of both mania and depression (Leahy, 2006, p.
Recognition of this condition as highlights of clinical and sociological research has produced awareness to our generation of the existence of such developmental disability. It is of utmost urgency and importance that local, national and worldwide level of discussions be given about this topic to mobilize mitigation actions and management.
According to the paper autism is recognised as a severe childhood disorder that has lifelong impact on autistic children. At present, diagnostic criteria and the major symptoms that can be related with autism can be identified as impairment in verbal and non-verbal communication. Autism has serious impacts on the families with autistic children and adult.
Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) is one of the key phenomena of electromagnetism, which behaves as photon particles or propagating waves travelling through space loaded with radiant energy (Abdo 2007). These waves characteristically travels at a speed of light in vacuum and in a straight line (Abdo, 2007).
The goal when working or teaching these children is always to help them achieve the maximum level of independence as well as being able to reach their potential in all aspects of their lives. Children with special needs may develop normally up to a certain age where they fail to reach the developmental milestones or are abnormally late in reaching them.
The involvement of parents in the schooling and educational activities requires a special plan by the school administration. In this, it is important to include a proper budget for the amount of funds that will be necessary to accomplish
This leads to the laying out of research question on whether parental involvements lead to higher achievement in their children.
Children from various families have registered mixed academic achievement which can be attributed to