This paper explores the reform needs in the Electoral College system used in U.S presidential election. The Electoral College system has been deemed as requiring reforms despite its being a time-honored system because of its likelihood to conflict with the popular vote…
The Electoral College is the system used in the United States to elect its presidents. Generally, an electoral college refers to a set of electors with the mandate to elect a candidate to an office. Members of an Electoral College represent various interest groups or organizations with their votes weighted in specific ways. In countries where electoral colleges are used, the wishes of the general membership of a country or an entity is often ignored since the members of an electoral college are not only regarded as important but also as of the ideal wisdom needed to make better choices than the larger population. Though dating back to the historical times, there are several cases of modern electoral colleges in countries with complex regional electorates, which prefer Electoral College elections to the rather direct popular elections. The United States is perhaps the only modern state in which presidents are elected indirectly through the Electoral College system. In the U.S., the electors in the Electoral College represent the 50 states and the federal district of Columbia. However, each state is accorded electors corresponding to its total congressional representation in both houses. In addition to these electors, the non-state District of Columbia has three electors. In the U.S where the law requires one to marshal 270 electoral votes to win the presidency, the Electoral College generally votes for whichever contender wins the popular vote in each state (Bugh 67). This paper explores the reform needs in the Electoral College system used in U.S presidential election. Although cases of conflict with the popular vote are rather rare, having been reported only three times in over 200 years, the Electoral College system has been deemed as requiring reforms despite its being a time-honored system because of its likelihood to conflict with popular vote. Electoral College Reform Proposals Several proposals or reform options have been suggested regarding the need to reform the Electoral College in the U.S. First, the Electoral College could be reformed by altering the organization of the states in the U.S. That is, the territory should be re-divided into equally sized 50 bodies with roughly equal populations. An advantage of this proposal is that it would end the over-representation of small states and the under-representation of big states in U.S presidential and senate voting. Further, this proposal will not do away with the Electoral College; rather, it will preserve and ensure the continued existence of the unique federal system and the Electoral College (Bugh 67). In addition, there will still be a balance of authority among different government levels. What is more, the states should be re-districted after every census. However, there are several challenges and disadvantages associated with these proposals. For instance, local authorities and residents would have to deal with the shifting state procedures and laws. The other reform options for the Electoral College system in the U.S include direct election followed by instant runoffs, proportional allocation of electoral votes, and direct vote with plurality rule, congressional district method, and national bonus plan (Ross & Will 165). Direct Election with Runoff With or without the Electoral College, instant runoff voting is a highly recommended approach to elections in the U.S. In this system, voters would be required to rank their preferred candidates so that in case no candidate emerges a clear winner and whoever has the lowest number of votes is automatically eliminated. Counting begins again during which second choice votes, which indicate the eliminated candidate as first choice are tallied. This process continues until a candidate with majority votes emerges. This system has the advantage of reducing time and resource wastages. The hallmark of most of the proposed replacements of the Electoral Col ...
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The Founding Fathers devised this method of election as a middle ground between direct popular vote and voting through the Congress ("What is the Electoral College?"). In recent times, particularly after the elections of 2000, there has been a debate which has included topics such as whether this process is democratic enough, discourages voter turnout, is favored towards certain states, or whether the winner-takes-all method is appropriate.
Unlike other Western democracies, elections for the President and Vice President in the United States take place using the indirect process of Electoral College. The Founding Fathers of the U.S. agreed on this system over 200 years ago as a midway “compromise between direct popular vote and voting through the Congress” ("What is the Electoral College?
The latter paper would also initially shed light of what the current electoral system corresponds to and how it works in selecting a potential candidate. This paper would give a clear picture as to why the current electoral system is an obsolete method of casting presidential votes for the state and how with the associated measures and amendments can this selective method be evolved.
An example is the United States of America where the primary election is first conducted in the Electoral College to choose the president. This system has received a lot of criticism from many squatters in the world, who are calling for its abolition and replacement with system that involves a direct and popular election process where presidents are chosen on a nationwide voting process.
An electoral college is a group of electors who are entitled to elect a nominee in a particular office. The concept of Electoral College is commonly practiced in the United States by American voters to elect President and Vice-President. Often Electoral College signifies different entities or organizations wherein each entity or organization.
Hispanics represent a growing and therefore an increasingly important demographic voting group which can be counted on to support Democrats over Republicans, by a fairly large margin. Immigration reform is a major issue among Hispanic voters. It was generally assumed that Republicans would be anxious to address long overdue legislation designed to strengthen border security while offering a path to citizenship for those illegally in the country so as to appease this vital voting block.
In democratic countries, democracy is considered as the rule of majority where majority tend to have their way while minority tend to have their say. The government officials are chosen by the people and they are responsible to serve for a specific period
heir main belief is that the government bears the responsibility of regulating and monitoring the economy besides controlling and regulating various dimensions of American life. The democrats believe in wealth red-distribution to benefit the poor in the society through
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