Research Proposal Title: Children with Autism: A Home-based Interventional Program to Support Parents Dealing with Autistic Behavioral Issues in Children Purpose and Aims Parents of autistic children are always involved in some level of home-based intervention to manage their children under the guidance of trained therapists [Eldevik, 2009 #16]…
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It is hypothesized that this support strategy will reduce the levels of parents’ stress, compared to parents who do not receive the support program. The results of this research would help in formulating a strategy to help parents cope with the stress of raising their children with autism, which in my opinion is a worthy goal of psychology, and forms my motivation for doing this interventional study. The specific research question is: Do parents experience reduced levels of stress if they participate in a support group with other parents of autistic children, with whom they can discuss the problems and apparent solutions? Literature Review Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by limited ability to interact and communicate with others. It is more common in males than females, and affects all race groups and socioeconomic classes. It is now labelled as ‘autism spectrum disorder’ (ASD), as afflicted individuals manifest varied signs and symptoms and with differing severity. Some people with milder forms of autism are able to function, while others with severe forms of the disorder are completely disabled. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics’ conclusion, ‘ASDs, similar to other neurodevelopmental disabilities, are generally not ‘curable’ and chronic management is required.’ (Genuis, 2009) Autism is a syndromic diagnosis entirely based on a constellation of common manifestations. Indicators of ASD, such as developmental delay, communicative dysfunction or behavioural problems are manifestations of brain dysfunction resulting from disordered neurobiology. Children with autism show severe impairment in reciprocal social interaction and communication along with high rates of ritualistic and stereotyped behavior (Eikeseth et al., 2007). Some underlying genetic factors predisposing to autism have been identified. (Genuis, 2009) Investigators have defined the severity of autism by a number of different child characteristics such as hyperirritability, self-injurious behaviours, cognitive level, or the presence of seizures or dysmorphic features (Lecavalier et al., 2006). The incidence of autism has climbed by over 1500% in ...
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Assessment of a Child with Autism
Mental health issues are one of the most debilitating conditions which any person can go through. Physically, its symptoms may not be clearly apparent to the patient and to other people. However, mentally and emotionally, its impact can be extensive and debilitating to the patient.
Repetitive and ritualistic behaviour is also common in children with autism (Rutter, 2005). The focus of this literature review is on parental coping mechanisms in relation to parenting children with autism. Parenting is challenging, when the care is child is an autistic one, the challenge much more than that of normal growing children.
The uniqueness of autism overshadows all other developmental orders. Without a concrete evidence, the diagnosis of and prognosis for autism is full with doubt. This vagueness makes it very hard for parents to accept the child’s condition. Second, parents of children with autism are frequently deprived of various essential rewards for parenthood because the disorder is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, such as developing attachments and showing affection.
The debate about nature and nurture or environment and nature contributes to the development of human beings (Cowen, 2011). It incorporates systematic investigations and analysis of behavior portrayed by animals and humans via naturalistic and controlled observation in conjunction with discipline scientific experimentation.
However, when it comes to helping the children with Autism, it is also imperative for the parents to seek and avail all the support and guidance they need (Ross & Jolly 108). It is quite possible to help the autistic children deal with the issues faced by them through the extension of timely help and support.
Autism in a Child at School
School can be particularly hard for children suffering from any form of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or simply put, autism. The condition does not only poise a great challenge to children suffering from it, but also the parents and teachers who handle these special children on a daily basis.
Weaver and Hersey (2005) report that at least 1.5 million children and adults have been diagnosed with Autism in America as estimated by the The Spectrum Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) along with the developmental disorders that fall under its umbrella are disorders are characterized by deficits in social and communication skills.
At the end of the shopping experience, Claire will persistently ask for chocolate and when she does not get it, then this is the point where she begins her tantrums. She acts in the same manner while at school. When she wants her colleagues’ toys and they protest, then she
This vagueness makes it very hard for parents to accept the child’s condition.Second, parents of children with autism are frequently deprived of various essential rewards for parenthood because the disorder is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, such as developing attachments and showing affection. It is because of these reasons that autism has been deemed as one of the most complex and difficult developmental disorders with which families might have to deal with and family members of such children are often perceived to experience negative psychological effects (Gupta & Singhal, 2005).
Most studies conducted by sociologists tend to focus on issues affecting societal fabric. These issues include behavior, ethnic relations, gender relation, and family among other social issues. Henslin (1995) posits
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