The children will continue to read pictures and to improve their basic comprehension skills. First Grade Observation In my observation of the first grade classroom the students’ desks were setup in groups of six. The teachers’ desk was placed by the classroom door. The room was decorated with many posters and projects that the children had completed. The room had many bulletin boards that were used for classroom jobs and notes that the students could look at like the lunch menu and any important classroom events that they can pass on to their parents. Some bulletin boards were to show off their art work in the other areas of the curriculum. There was an independent reading area, a game area, a listening area for stories and music, an art area and a writing area. There was a section of the classroom that could be used to practice the skills with the other students and/or the teacher. The area for direct reading instruction was in the front of the room but to the left where there were many charts with the necessary skills that they are going to learn on the journey to learn reading. The teacher also led shared reading experiences here along with language experience where the students could share a story they “wrote” to the class. There was also a variety of books of all classifications that they can choose and read from. . Reading Instruction and the Curriculum Used In a first grade classroom Reading is considered a subject where students will learn to use word recognition skills and learn about consonants and vowels through Phonics and the Bottom- up theory to Reading. Reading is a subject that must build on what the children already know. These children will bring what they learned at home from watching their parents reading the newspaper, writing notes and lists, reading the mail they received like they did in preschool and Kindergarten. The teacher will need to assess these children to see what the level they will be at during the school year. The children will need to start to make relationships between the pictures and words and to put these ideas together to understand a story that they are reading. The children will learn that the alphabet is the beginning of words. The first grader learns that letters and their arrangement matters in the words that they are learning and reading. First graders are still emergent readers and they will want to learn how to spell and then write the words that they are learning. The first grade classroom teacher must give plenty of opportunities to read and write words. They will learn that reading and writing is their way of communication. They will learn about the concepts of print and that the print represents the spoken words, they have boundaries, and are read from left to right. (Gunning, 2005) Reading can be taught in the classroom by using direct instruction and by using learning centers that were around the classroom. They will also use learning centers for Art, Music and even Computer education. The children can practice their reading and writing using their Dolch Vocabulary List and continue to practice even more sight words. Using these words the children can read and write notes and letters and drawing pictures. Reading is for exploration. “When the parents and/or the teacher read to the children they learn and develop vocabulary, expand their experiental background and makes them aware of the language of books and introduces them to basic concepts of print
Reading ASSESSMENT OF READING AND LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION December 6, 2012 Introduction Reading at the first grade level is a time for the child to learn to read and read to learn. This is a very important time for it is a time for the children to learn about what makes a word…
Though written foreign language may be important, there is need for these teachers to ensure that students complete their classes with high levels of oral skills in the particular language of interest. Thus, oral assessments have been found to be the most appropriate in the promotion of the spoken language.
They should have lived in the United States, know where he or she lives and know the members of his family and his native language (Brantley, 2007). The student should also be able to share any previous academic experiences he or she has had in the past. The student should have the characteristics of a given culture so that he or she may not feel isolated.
The aim is to define differentiated instruction, while looking at the Key principles that are responsible for the professional development and understanding and implementation of differentiated instruction in a higher education institution. The objectives, strategies, assessments and implementation methods of this development plan are culminated to improving the grades of students in school especially those that are not English speaking.
It is seriously vital that the wide variety of content assessments used for ELLs be legitimate and fair. Even though, this task is not easy, it is the answer to enhancing educational chances for language-minority learners. ELLs are learners who are still enhancing proficiency in English (Hakuta, 2009).
As a result, they are often delayed in their development and their expected learning milestones. For students who are second language learners, the process of learning is even more difficult because they cannot understand the medium of instruction. The challenge is for teachers to develop strategies which can help manage these learning difficulties and barriers.
According to Encarta dictionary, assessment is evaluating something basing on the understanding for that thing. It involves gathering of data then analyzing it in order to come up with a conclusion. In term of infants and children, assessment is a way of documenting a child’s progress over a given period.