In selecting, planning and pursuing occupational pathways, the individual must take account of a number of factors, particularly the potential for both “lateral and upward” movement (Veiga, 1981, p. 566). Baruch (2004) describes the career pathway as a major part of life and as such is a “life journey” giving individual’s the option to “take the beaten path” or to “navigate their own way in the open plain” (p. 59). A review of the literature informs of the various processes that an individual traverses through in building and following a specific occupational pathway and therefore highlights the various features of the pipelining system.
A. Selecting a Profession
London (1983) theorizes that career motivation which consists of “individual characteristics” reflected in three essential domains directs career or profession selection (p. 620). The three domains are “career identity, career insight, and career resilience” (London, 1983, p. 620). As London (1983) puts it:
The individual characteristic dimensions are needs, interests, and personality variables potentially relevant to a person’s career. These dimensions are clustered into three domains: career identity, career insight and career resilience (p. 620). ...Show more