This essay explores the present educational system of China, specifically of Shanghai, and its cultural, historical, and philosophical influences. The Chinese culture is one of civilization’s most ancient, a witness to numerous changes as the world reached today’s modernity. …
From the discussion it is clear that Chinese education highly depended on examinations at different levels. There were no formal institutions because only the socio-economically privileged and financially capable can afford such. Because of this system’s openness regardless of family background, the Civil Examination “drove almost all families...to have high hopes for their children’s future”. As the paper stresses China’s education system had endured its hard times and struggled for its revival. The Cultural Revolution is traced as the root where China’s educational system was ruined in the country’s effort for so-called egalitarianism, which unfortunately backfired. When the revolution ended, the late 1970s and the 1980s were years of recovery in both economic and educational aspects. Schools started to open in various places, achieving universal primary education. Some cities like Shanghai opened vocational schools, and eventually China established a degree system for higher education. From the 1990s up to today, primary schools in China have high enrolment rates, as well as junior secondary schools. One of the noteworthy maneuvers in the system is China’s decentralization of education by providing different textbooks in the regions, but having the same universal primary education. In the 21st century, the system concentrates on higher education by mandating the increase of enrolling population.
Confucianism in Chinese Education
Confucius, regarded as a great Chinese thinker, was not concerned with man’s relationship to God or the universe, but rather emphasized on the importance of establishing the “conditions for an ethical society than to seek to answer answerable questions” (Ornstein & Levine, 2008, p.60). He created an educational system that had high regard for ethics and proper behavior, and respect for hierarchical relationships. He associates character education ...
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The initial foundation of the city was around the tenth century, near the Suzhou. The city had a small population of about 12,000 people predominantly agriculturalists (O’Sullivan, 2008). After conquering of Kaifeng, Shanghai became home to many refugees, the population of the city growing to 250,000.
Crucial to the development of social cohesion within a pluralist nation are educational policies and practices that strive to extend discourse on continuing inequalities and exclusion within the education system (Department of Education & Science, 2006).
Education therefore is one of the vital key features in any nation's growth. This is why many legislators in different countries allocate ample funds to build programs gearing towards developing the educational system especially of the youth. Standardized methods are imposed to ensure that efforts are done to elevate the standard of education and be competitive.
ation of Chinese Yuan, and the entire system of the country has captured the attention of international companies, particularly from North America and Canada. After the membership of the World Trade Organization, the developing country has turned into competitive field against
As indicated in the statements of the People’s Bank of China, the foreign reserves of the country have swelled in 2008, in spite of the obvious foreign investment outflow (Min-Chan 2009). Nevertheless, the boost in foreign
n of about fourteen million three hundred and fifty thousand people in the year 2000 according to United Nations statistical data but currently is has a population of over twenty three million as of 2010. It is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China. It is
The consecutive sterling performance with high average scores in Program for International Students Assesment, PISA, tests among Shanghai students has been a challenge to most countries hoping to stabilize their economies and most western countries. The once criticized China’s education system by the western countries to be promoting rote-learning.
Stable political system and reliable resources are other factors that have made Shanghai a suitable participant in international trade. International trade has brought about many positive changes in the city
like iTunes to a very complex structure developed by a number of instituting that will include awarding and assessing the student involved in the process. This allows a number of people study from different areas as they carry on with other activities. The mode of study does
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