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Pages 14 (3514 words)
This paper shall discuss about how children can learn to behave appropriately in school and so in society. The paper would also identify and critically analyse strategies school and individuals (teachers, support staff and children) use to manage behaviour and considering how behaviour management might (or might not) lead to children learning appropriate behaviour.
Positive behaviour management (PBM) has recently been recommended as a more acceptable form of management in the classroom than traditional behaviour modification (Cheesman & Watts, 2001). It focuses upon building up a positive atmosphere by involving the pupil as a partner in the educational process (Pierce & Van Houten, 2000) and emphasises the need to give pupils every opportunity to develop self discipline through appropriate learning experiences (Brophy, 2001; Duke & Jones, 2001; Pepper & Henry, 2001; Wayson, 2001). Where behaviour needs to be changed pupils are invited to set behavioural goals with the teacher and, in some cases, monitor and record their own progress (McNamara, 2004). In relation to Skinner's theory, I have observed this in the classroom situation positive behaviour management relies upon the principles of positive reinforcement (Skinner, 2003) with appropriate behaviour rewarded and inappropriate behaviour ignored, wherever possible. It therefore avoids the negativity incumbent upon the withdrawal of privileges in time out' and response-cost systems of behaviour modification. ...
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