Patricia M.Mikelson rightly says that, 'Play is a "brain food" to help brains develop in ways critical to success.It provides the foundation for learning including language,reading, thinking and reasoning skills.In addition,parent-child play provides important opportunities for parent-child bonding.'Such play is pleasurable and fun,active and mind absorbing Such play is pleasurable and fun, active and mind absorbing.Considering today's fast moving world and the technologies, while infants and children can be engaged by videos and technology based toys, they do not provide the same multi-faceted stimulation and developmentally essential experiences those more traditional games, toys, music, and imagination provides. It is true that play has an essential role in building social skills and communication, creativity and problem solving. The best developmental tool that we can give them is by allowing children to participate in self-directed, unstructured free play.Researches insists that while children are playing, we need to create a tolerance for error, allow them fail too, reducing the expectation that they must be perfect. This gives the child a scope of decision making, memory development and the thinking skills necessary for childhood success in the classroom and adult success in the workplace. Play is something that doesn't intend to target race, religion, or socio-economic status.
Data from eminent child specialists gives clear picture that play deprivation leads to increased aggression and violence, anti-social behavior, repressing of emotions, learning disorders, and obesity. Play is crucial to both the cognitive and physical development of children, and its deprivation can have negative and long lasting effects.
There could not be any second thoughts that children involved in the outdoor games in the playground enjoys the freedom to be physically active but above all this playing experience works as an outdoor learning laboratory with numerous exciting and challenging activities. When outdoors, children can observe nature, hang bird feeders, plant radishes, search for cicada shells, or watch the communal, determined behavior of ants transporting food. They can develop interpersonal skills of problem-solving and conflict resolution in small or large groups involved in dramatic play and explore the arts in a way not available indoors. Even dramatic play takes on new aspects in the outdoors. [Play, Children with Physical Disabilities and Occupational Therapy: The Ludic Model]
Friedrich Froebel and Rudolf Steiner are two eminent personalities whose contribution to the child development is undisputed. Their ideals and theories were the initial stepping stones that gave the realistic and modern touch to the child development activities.
To begin with Friedrich Froebel, a nineteenth-century German educator who is the man behind originating the idea of the kindergarten, he came up with the theory that kindergarten should be focused on play as