High order thinking is a core of modern education. The main contribution to this theory was made by Benjamin Bloom in 1956. Bloom’s taxonomy can be explained as a classification system of different learning processes. …
The three lowest levels of taxonomy are knowledge, understanding and application. Three highest levels are analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Analysis has to do with figuring out something on your own, i.e., an individual cannot be just repeating what he reads or hears. It is seeing how something works. An individual discerns what is connected to what. A student gets at why something is happening. During synthesis process, iIf analysis is taking things apart to see what makes them tick, synthesis is putting things together. Synthesis is solving a problem, making something whole out of a bunch of pieces nobody told you how to put together, or creating or devising something (Bloom, 1956). Evaluation is deciding on your own, and in an informed way, whether something is preferable; whether it has merit or worth; or whether it is morally right, just, or fair. Personal Meaning is reflection on the personal significance, consequence, or implication of some object of concern. It is important to help students recognize that all concepts are in some way related to one another. This is one reason concept mapping can be a very powerful evaluation tool. The main limitation of Bloom’s taxonomy is that it is not a strategy but a model which explains main thinking skills. It does not help to solve problems and develop effective critical thinking skills. Bloom explains some ideas and the concept of thinking but he does not explain how this model can be and should be applied to real world situations. His main works on taxonomy are Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Cognitive Dimension (1956).
Another model of high order thinking was developed by Robert Marzano. Marzano adopted Bloom's taxonomy but added new characteristics to the model. This model consists of 8 characteristics: focusing, information gathering, remembering, organizing, analyzing, generating, integrating, evaluating. The ideology of Marzano is based on the idea that: "When content is new, students must be guided in relating the new knowledge to what they already know, organizing and then using that new knowledge. Knowledge can be of two types: Declarative (i.e., attributes, rules) or procedural (skills and processes). Items of this type are factual and content-specific" (Marzano 1995, p. 87). The main works by Marzano are Dimensions of thinking : a framework for curriculum and instruction (1988), Cultivating thinking in English and the language arts (1991), The systematic identification and articulation of content standards and benchmarks (1995).
The most recent model based on Bloom's taxonomy is Anderson/Krathwohl mode (2000). According to this model, the following levels of thinking exist: (1) remembering: Retrieving, recalling, or recognizing, (2) understanding, (3) applying, (4) analyzing, (5) evaluating, (6) creating. The advantage of this model is that there isare student choice, exploration, or creative challenge. There is opportunity for students to collaborate, develop facility with language, and work with ideas. There is chance for students to write or say what they deeply care about. In sum, classrooms are all too teacher dominated, mechanical, and pedestrian for my blood. Whatever gains may result from mastery learning--and, remember the last section, they are significant--too often they are purchased at the expense of pointing us away from what really matters in education, that students learn how to take charge of their own learning and growth and empower themselves to live freely. The main problem describes the main stages of thinking but tells little about real life application and connections between these stages (Dettmer, 2006).
In spite of limitations and weaknesses these models become a core of modern education helping teachers to construct tests ...
Cite this document
(“Higher Order Thinking Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/education/278467-higher-order-thinking
(Higher Order Thinking Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Higher Order Thinking Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/278467-higher-order-thinking.
The authors acknowledged the increasing importance of social networking sites as a means of socialization of students from using Facebook, Xbox live and through texting. Further, educators have recognized that social networks are powerful tools for enhancing academic performance.
This paper is a review of Blooms taxonomy. As a maths teacher, I have come to appreciate that there is need to move away from lower order of thinking and embrace higher order of thinking. This means movement from knowledge-level thinking to evaluation-level thinking.
That time, computers were connected within a narrow circle of network. Yet, soon global connectivity of these narrow circles became possible (referred to as the Internet, the World Wide Web, Web, or Net). Thus, human eye saw a remarkable addition of technological advancement in this area of development and so the term IT has come to evolve into ICT or information and communication technologies (Bhanot, & Fallows, pp.
Teachers should be able to gauge themselves on effectiveness and engage in activities that aim at improving their work. This could be by involving their colleagues in discussions and talks on the areas that are of concern and use of observation on colleagues with good performances.
Therefore, such educational systems come into being which do not assist a child in developing himself/herself as a proficient reader, the results of which are seen in the lack of general understanding of text, and the ultimate lack of interest toward studies.
The existing systems of education have been sluggish in acknowledging this fact. Old education systems were based on conventional skills and predetermined career paths (Groarke & Sobocan, 2008).
However, introduction of technology and globalization has had an impact
Design thinking is one of the skills required. Further, it is more accessible and is viewed as a central activity of engineering. Many scholars have argued that engineering and other programs should graduate students
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Higher Order Thinking for FREE!