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Critical Evaluation of Andragogy against Other Learning Theories in Relation to Adult - Essay Example

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Critical Evaluation of Andragogy against Other Learning Theories in Relation to Adult

Most of its assumptions are derived from animal research whereby, Behaviourism, influenced by Thorndike, Pavlov, and Skinner mostly, postulates that learning is a change in observable behaviour caused by external stimuli in the environment.Researchers like John B. Watson and Edward L. Thorndike based most of their focus on laboratory experimentation from where they generated the famous stimulus-response model as they believed that the inner experiences that were the focus of psychology could not be properly studied as they were not observable. In behaviourist orientation to learning, the principles of contiguity (how close in time two events must be for a bond to be formed) and reinforcement (any means of increasing the likelihood that an event will be repeated) are central to explaining the learning process. Using consequences to control the occurrence of behaviour, known as operant conditioning - reinforcing what you want people to do again; ignoring or punish what you want people to stop doing, behaviourists generalize their findings from animal research to human learning patterns in classrooms. ...Show more

Summary

There have been numerous theories about adult learning by scholars including the Behaviourist,Humanist,Cognitivist,but the one to gain most prominence in recent years is Androgogy for its individual-centred propositions encompassing new dimensions of human learning…
Author : bbuckridge
Critical Evaluation of Andragogy against Other Learning Theories in Relation to Adult essay example
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