The role of pioneers and other key players in this sector has been acknowledged as some of the issues they bought up are still subject of debate to this day.
1.01. Historical and social Influences in England and Wales. An attempt to give a historical account of the development of early childhood education and care system is bound to raise the question of accuracy. Nevertheless this paper endevours to give a guideline in the discussion of issues from the early days that have a bearing on issues arising today.
It is widely acknowledged that Robert Own a Welshman was the first to establish a nursery school in the UK in 1816. His outfit was called 'The institution for the formation of character'. Owen was motivated by a desire to provide care and education to children whose parents were working in the cotton fields. He was one of the visionaries who appreciated that early childhood education and care was an integral element in developing a better society.
Later in 1870 the education act was enacted into law and established compulsory elementary schools for children from age 5. In 1880 elementary education became compulsory for all children between 5 and 13 years. Board of Education, (1905). Owen's ideas were obviously ahead of their time ad raised some themes that are extremely relevant in England today. ...Show more