Early childhood education and care (ECEC) in England has evolved randomly and spasmodically since its inception. There have been times when the growth and development has been rapid and times when its growth and development has been hampered by external factors…
The role of pioneers and other key players in this sector has been acknowledged as some of the issues they bought up are still subject of debate to this day.
1.01. Historical and social Influences in England and Wales. An attempt to give a historical account of the development of early childhood education and care system is bound to raise the question of accuracy. Nevertheless this paper endevours to give a guideline in the discussion of issues from the early days that have a bearing on issues arising today.
It is widely acknowledged that Robert Own a Welshman was the first to establish a nursery school in the UK in 1816. His outfit was called 'The institution for the formation of character'. Owen was motivated by a desire to provide care and education to children whose parents were working in the cotton fields. He was one of the visionaries who appreciated that early childhood education and care was an integral element in developing a better society.
Later in 1870 the education act was enacted into law and established compulsory elementary schools for children from age 5. In 1880 elementary education became compulsory for all children between 5 and 13 years. Board of Education, (1905). Owen's ideas were obviously ahead of their time ad raised some themes that are extremely relevant in England today. According to Scarr (1998), early childhood education and care delves into 3 seemingly conflicting rationales. Firstly, it seeks to maintain maternal employment, assist in child development and lastly to bridge the social gap between the poor children and others from the mainstream society. One of the key historical themes of the Early childhood education and care in England is the question about the form that curriculum for the early years should take. Blenkin, Geva M., & Kelly, A. V. (1994). This has continually been a subject of debate and it prompted a report by Plowden in 1964 that called for child-centered system (CACE, 1967).
When elementary education became compulsory, the schools also started receiving and admitting children less than five years for practical reasons and the figures kept rising by the year. In 1905, women inspectors were commissioned by the education board to examine the admission of babies in elementary schools. They disapproved the entire practice and suggested separate facilities for the younger children (Board of Education, 1905). This issue of age in relation to school admission is still debated today. Rousseau's theories on education have cast profound influences on modern educational ideals. He reduced the significance of book learning, and advocated that a child's emotions should be cultured before his reason. He stressed on learning by experience. Later in 1911, Margaret McMillan and her sister Rachel established a nursery to cater for children from economically disadvantaged families. Her nursery was based on her socialist ideals. She emphasized the importance of health care, proper nutrition, cleanliness and play. These are also themes that have endured to this day.
The 1st and 2nd world wars gave momentum to the establishment of more nursery schools and day care centers. This was because more women were required ...
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(Early Childhood Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Early Childhood Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/281776-early-childhood-education.
It has evaluated how practitioners performed so far and have raised the bar in terms of qualifications so practitioners are updated and educated in early childhood education and care. It aims to strengthen parent involvement programs and partnerships in recognition that they are significant factors in the healthy growth and development of children.
In a sense, math’s is another language in another form that children need to decipher. At a very early age, children can already learn the concepts of numerical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, but of course, presented in a developmentally-appropriate manner
They thus carry out an abstract mental operation and acquire a kind of natural and spontaneous inclination for mental calculations" (Montessori, 2004). Montessori believes that math should be introduced to young children as “materialized abstractions”.
All children have inborn talent to acquire knowledge. The early years or the pre-kindergarten years, during which a child learns to communicate with its parents, is the most critical period as this is the time when the child can be positively influenced towards learning.
Nursery School: It is a school for children between the ages of three and five. It encompass qualified and trained staff of teachers and caretakers. It is place where encouragement and supervision is provided to the child in totally homely atmosphere. It promotes educational play as compared to providing simply child care.
According to the report leadership and management are becoming a subject of research in many spheres of science and life, but leadership and management in early childhood education is accepted as one of the key elements of any organisation of high quality. The notion of context is a very important part of management in early child education.
This paper takes a look at this development from the beginning to the present day taking into account different aspects and the factors that helped shape this sector. This kind of evaluation cannot be complete if taken in isolation and select countries have been used as models for comparison purposes.
Maria Montessori cites the ancient saying, "there is nothing in the intellect which was not first in some way in the senses" and she adds, “senses being explorers of the world, opens the way to knowledge”. The Montessori system of early childhood learning believes that the education of the senses is of highest importance for the two aspects of general education.
According to Spodek (1982), for the last over twenty years, the field has been on growing upward trend in terms of research and popularity. Lately, many countries have emphasized on both physical care and education as the foundation of
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