It appears that students who are unable to perform well in school feel that they are stupid or inferior and unlikely to succeed in life, which in turn leads them into drugs and a life of crime. As a result, including educational programs in prisons may be beneficial in reducing the recidivism rates by providing offenders the opportunity to improve their chances of getting a job rather than having no other option but to offend again. This research study will examine the benefits of educational programs and poses the research question: Can improvement in educational programs lead to a reduction in the tendency to take up criminal activity'
Behrman and Stacey (1997) are of the view that providing training in parenting and following this up with early childhood education, school based supervision of teenagers and getting them involved in educational programs designed to promote community cohesion could be helpful in reducing crime (Behrman and Stacey, 1997:240). This implies that schools can play a significant role in reducing crime by providing education and supervision necessary to prevent young people turning to a life of crime.
Another study that was carried out to examine the association between mental health disorders and offending identified four key groups of young people with emotional and behavioral difficulties as being at risk for offending. The study found that recidivism is more prevalent among young offenders with mental health problems, with young people from ethnic minorities being over represented. Since crime tends to be centred in low income, minority group neighbourhoods, this further suggests that educational programs could help to address the causes of crime such as poverty, by providing a means to less affluent members of society to be able to find a means to improve their lot and their chances of succeeding in later life. (Behrman and Stacey, 1997:240).
In a study of young prison inmates, the findings suggested that criminal behaviour in juveniles could be deterred by offering solutions such as better educational opportunities through smaller classes and more individual teacher attention, sports programs, training for jobs and greater involvement by churches (De la Torre, 1997). For example, in the U.K., adolescents are being offered the opportunity to train as apprentices, in order to better prepare them and equip them with the necessary job skills to function within a competitive environment.
In yet another study that was carried out by Dr. Stan Kaseno at the San Bernardino juvenile hall, the findings showed that 70 to 75% of the inmates who had problems in visual processing (www.newhopecharitablefoundation.org). Most of these inmates also demonstrated recidivism and were not in prison for the first time. Dr. Kaseno found however, that when these inmates were given educational vision development exercises to correct the problems of convergence, tracking and similar problems, the rates of recidivism of such prisoners dropped to below 16%. This provides a strong indication that the vision processing problems could well have contributed to the feelings of inferiority of the inmates, leading to low self esteem. This also places such young people experiencing feelings of low self worth at risk of dropping out of school or taking to drugs and similar activities, all of which can contribute to criminal activity and recidivism.
The Long Beach community has commenced the Safe and Smart After
The efficacy of juvenile prisons has been a controversial subject, due to the rising incidence of recidivism. In the United States, the recidivism rates among young juvenile offenders are reported to be significantly high, i.e, almost 94% (Lewis et al, 1994)…
The digital technology incorporated in educational sector should be user friendly. Otherwise teachers and students may stay away from it. Younger generation adapts more easily with the digitalization process in educational sector than the older generation.
Duignan describes several themes centered around the following issues: 1.) The functions of leadership. 2.) Paradoxes concurrent with educational leadership 3.) Leadership competencies and evaluation standards. In essence, leadership requires essence and authenticity, an exploration of the need for educational leaders to hone the universal qualities of leadership with an emphasis on ethics and management during uncertain times.
The research focuses on indicating that the learning process should level up. The research includes surveys that show that the learning process entails maximizing the use of mass media, reduction of class size, reduction of absences, and reduction of class size.
The author insists that many of the ill effects of TV viewing on children are unintentional offshoots of programs intended to entertain a wider segment of the viewing audience, targeting particularly adults. However, there is a narrower market segment which focuses on commercial broadcasting for the purpose of educating young children.
These theories were originally developed by Jean Piaget in 1973 and Lev Vygotsky in 1933 and primarily used to study learning and teaching aspects of human development. Piaget's theory of Cognitive Constructivism and Vygotsky's Social Constructivism theory indicate that learning among children varies from ages and stages and social interaction plays a great role in a person’s cognitive development.
This is particularly applicable in the field of education. The school is the primary, and most crucial, factor in the educational process and development of a child. In this context, it is essential that the school environment is totally focused on learning, and the classroom is so designed as to provide the optimum ambience for the facilitation of education.
The Implications, Benefits, Research, and the Assessment of Serious Gaming Integration into the K-12 Educational Model.
Games and gaming have been integral to educational systems since time immemorial. In fact, with the past and current technological advancements, more and equally more sophisticated games have been introduced into the classroom.
However, this rule does not apply in some schools. Students with special needs are ignored in some schools because these schools do not want to spend on special education. Besides, some schools provide students with disabilities lesser rights than the required by the act of disabled individuals.
Italy in many ways has been a pioneer in innovative and revolutionary concepts in early education. In Italy the responsibility of well-being and care for children between ages 0-3 rests with The Ministry of Health after which it shifts to The Ministry of Education.
From this research, it is clear that Piaget's theory of Cognitive Constructivism (1973) and Vygotsky's Social Constructivism theory (1933) indicate that learning among children varies from ages and stages and social interaction plays a great role in a person’s cognitive development.
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