The methodology followed to conduct a research provides a scientific approach to a study. The implementation of appropriate method helps in arriving at the most accurate results. Prior to following a certain methodology, it is imperative to understand the research philosophy…
It provides an appropriate insight to study a particular phenomena and the method of data collection required for the study. The philosophy behind a research guides the researcher about various aspects of producing valid knowledge. ["A" level sociology A resource based learning approach, n. d]
The three trends of philosophy involved in sociological research methodologies are Positivism, Realism and Interpretivism. Positivism mainly deals with proposing natural laws based on observation. [Samuel- Ojo, 2005]. Realism states that whatever appears to be real to an individual is a consequence of one's behavior. ["A" level sociology A resource based learning approach, n. d]. Interpretivism is mainly based on idealism that the various phenomena occurring in the world are interpreted through mind. [Interpretivism, n. d]
The research philosophy of positivism mainly prevailed in the nineteenth and the twentieth century. This concept is most popular in the field of natural science. The origin of this ideology evolved due to the study of various phenomena in the world through human knowledge rather than dogma of religion. In order to attain fact about a particular aspect of study, observations are made related to that field of study. This methodology of research through observation is called empirism. Therefore, positivism developed based on certainty and universal explanations about particular phenomena. [Samuel- Ojo, 2005]. The major strengths of positivism are that the knowledge attained through this methodology is certain since it is not based on any speculations. It provides a logical end to any research. Contrary to this, since ideology of positivism mainly deals with observations it rules out the existence of unobservable phenomena or occurrences. [Rusbult, 1997]
Realism is a research philosophy that "seeks to understand, the existence of an external and objective reality that influences people's social interpretations and behaviors but which may not be perceptible to them. It recognizes that people themselves are not objects to be studied in the style of natural science. "[Glossary, n. d]. Realism believes that phenomena can occur in spite of not observing its occurrence. It also believes that an object has certain properties associated with it that are independent of theoretical conceptions. These are some of the major strengths of realism. One major drawback of this research philosophy is that it is based on plausible doctrines rather than knowledge based on facts. The knowledge attained through this philosophy is skeptical and not certain since it is based on unobservable. [Boyd, 2002]
Interpretive research philosophy states that the social world cannot be described without understanding the experience of the people and gives importance to human actions. This ideology produces scientific accounts of social life depending on the concepts and inferences drawn by the people. It generates theories based on the descriptions and experiences of people. Hence, this ideology is purely based on the understanding of the people about a particular concept and its interpretation by the researcher. It provides an in depth understanding of the blind beliefs and practices of daily life. There are structured procedures followed to understand the perception and beliefs of the people abo ...
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(Methodology (just Theories) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Methodology (just Theories) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/286079-methodology-just-theories.
For the sake of providing the best understanding, it will be appropriate to recap important elements of the research in order to make the research methodology meaningful. They following phases represent the objectives at hand: 3.1.1 Phase 1 To provide an understanding of the main objective of teaching and maintaining art in the curriculum of students in Iraq.
More specifically, the design will relate to our research problems and issues and assist us in coming up with efficient answers to our research problems. The design will attempt to answer the questions what are the assumptions, how are we going to conduct our study and the justifications for the choice of the research method.
It includes the tools and techniques used to undertake a given enquiry into a topic under research (Scruggs and Mastropieri, 2006). The research methodology therefore sets the framework for the conduct of a study and defines how the study will be carried out from the initial phases to the conclusion.
The other concept includes the use of the scientific method to the social world, which can be regarded as objective. The premise of this theory is that the world is a system that comprises of many parts that tend to relate to one another; each part plays a crucial role for the survival of the entire system.
It is widely agreed upon that a nuclear war, if it happens, would produce this result. The threat that stronger nations pose to the sovereignty of smaller nations is also one of the greatest problems that faces mankind at this point of time in history. For the purpose of acquiring resources and also for the age-old purpose of conversions, countries may turn loose aggression on countries that may be unable to defend themselves from such an onslaught.
(3) To analyse and evaluate the data collected to find the answer(s) to the research aim as to whether mainstreaming is the best option, or if there are better alternatives, and the different conditions for the effectiveness of these alternatives.
Positivism recognizes "working with an observable social reality and that the end product of such research can be law-like generalisations similar to those produced by the physical and natural scientists" (Remenyi et al., 1998, cited in Saunders et al., 2003, p.83).
used in the study comprises a mixture of both the “phenomenological paradigm” which is also referred to as a “qualitative” approach, and the “positivistic paradigm” also known as the “quantitative” approach (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 47).
Content analysis is defined as a method of analysing written, verbal or visual communication messages (Cole 1988). Krippendorff (2004) defined content analysis as a systematic, replicable method used to compress many words of text into fewer content
stand the symmetric and linear relationship between the employee satisfaction and the level of employee engagement (Boselie and Dietz, 2003; De Mello, Wildermuth and Pauken, 2008). The research sheds light upon the variable that are internal as well as external in raising
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