1. The teacher will ask several questions about the topic to the students to arouse their interest:
• Have you ever experienced entering or visiting a cave?
• What have you seen?
• What did you feel?
2. The teacher will then give pieces of bond paper to the students. The students will be asked to draw on the paper what they have experienced or seen upon entering the cave. If a student does not have any experience about caves, he can draw his ideas about what a cave would look like.
3. After 10 minutes, 2-3 students will be asked to share what they have drawn on the paper. All the students will pass their drawings after the activity.
The teacher will introduce the topic by posting a big colored poster of a cave on the board. The teacher may tell facts and historical accounts in relation to the topic such as cave paintings, carvings, cannibalism and fossil remains to refresh the memory of the students.
C. Lesson Proper
The teacher will discuss the lesson by using the textbook as the primary reference. The discussion includes the definition and history of caves, the kinds of cave formations, the organisms that make the caves as their habitat, and the archaeological and cultural importance of caves.
After the discussion, the teacher validates the students’ knowledge of the subject matter which had been discussed.
A. Unlabeled pictures of the different types of caves are posted on the board. Students will be asked to volunteer to put names under each picture....
After naming the caves, other students will be asked to write certain characteristics of each cave under the name. If a student would name or describe a cave incorrectly, another student would be asked to do the task. The activity will end after all the pictures are properly named and defined.
B. A simple, large cave will be drawn on the board. Each student will be asked to draw an animal or an organism inside the cave. The animals should be the correct animals that live inside caves. After drawing, the class will tell what each animal eats and whether their prey also lives in the cave.
A 20-item identification type of quiz will be given to the students. The topics covered will be the definition and history of caves, the types of caves, and the ecology of caves.
1. An essay about the cultural and archaeological importance of caves. The minimum number of paragraphs is 3.
2. A report about one of the world's most famous caves. The report should tackle about the history and physical characteristics of that cave, the kind of cave formation, the location, and how that cave became popular. Examples: 1) the Mammoth Cave (Kentucky, USA) as the cave system with the greatest total length of surveyed passage, 2) the Ox Bel Ha Cave System in Yucatn, Mexico as the longest surveyed underwater cave.
Lesson Plan for Science
At the end of the lesson, 90% of the students are expected to:
1. Differentiate and define sunrise and sunset;
2. Explain the scientific process that is bounded to make sunrise and sunset possible for occurring;
3. Track the position of the sun every hour of the day;
4. Show appreciation to sunrise and sunset.
II. Subject Matter