Stanford-Binet Fifth Edition - Essay Example

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Stanford-Binet Fifth Edition

The Fifth Edition of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5) is a relatively new revised method, but has a unique history (figure 1). In 1905, Binet and Simon developed the first formal intelligence test, and Louis Terman created the Stanford-Binet Scale in 1916; this final scale was revised in 1937, 1960, 1986, and 2003. The first versions used items to address functional abilities, and were arranged by levels. The Fifth Edition is a standardized intelligence battery that can be administered to people from ages 2 to 85 years. According to Strauss (2006) the main purpose of the revision was “to expand the range of the test, to allow assessment of very low and very high levels of cognitive ability”, and to increase its clinical applications (see table 1).The SB5 is based on the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive functioning, which is considered “one of the well-validated, comprehensive models of cognitive functioning” (Fiorello and Primerano, 2005). Johnson (2007) describes the Stanford-Binet as “a comprehensive, norm-referenced individually administered test of intelligence and cognitive abilities”. The test is consists of five factors, which include Fluid Reasoning, Knowledge, Quantitative Reasoning, Visual-Spatial Processing, and Working Memory; each factor is further divided in verbal and non-verbal subtests (table 2). The Abbreviated Battery IQ scale consists of two routing subtests: one nonverbal (Object Series/Matrices) and one verbal (Vocabulary) (Coolican, J. et al, 2008). ...Show more

Summary

In this paper “Stanford-Binet Fifth Edition” the author will present the Fifth Edition of the Stanford–Binet Scale, its history, background, and psychometric qualities; then, he will disclose important advantages and limitations, possible uses and applications.

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