StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Increasing or restricting Andragogy - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
First, there is the problem within the nomenclature itself, problematized by both the terms 'adult' and 'education' that constitute it. Secondly, there is the problem of dissociating the term from within a matrix of related, but at more fundamental level, different terms like 'continuous education' and 'andragogy'. What really adds to our problem in this respect is the fact that we have to approach this problem at a time when an unprecedented complexity within the social formation itself has rendered educational institutes and education, both in definition and practice, complex. Therefore, we have to take into account both the objective semantics of the term as well as try and locate it within a specific twentieth century educational context.The term 'adult education' is a comparatively new one, coined much after it was actually in practice. It is a result of many years of evolutions, and its meaning, even now is far from simple and monolithic. Even as early as in 1927, Hall-Quest conceded the difficulties in defining the term. One of the biggest problems related to the definition of 'adult education' is, whether it refers to a set of methodologies by which 'adults' can be taught, or is it a holistic term that includes the general endeavor of educating adults in a specific way as well as a detailed study of government adaptation and subsequent implementation of policies that target the adults specifically as the subject of educational instruction. Theorists like Alan Rogers have defined adult education as a process 'whereby anyone over 16 (or whatever) are treated as adults - capable, experienced, responsible and balanced people'. Such a definition has two major problems; first 'adult education' becomes synonymous with 'andragogy' thus affecting the semantic rigor of the term. Secondly, values like capability, experience and responsibility are more often than not terms defined by culture and there is no platform or parameter that is universally agreed upon, which makes the term can lacking in ethnographic rigor.

It is therefore, important that we first clear the ethnographic tangle and then go on to arrive at a working definition of the term. Who is an 'adult' It is probably the first major question we have to answer before we get into any further exposition of the term. An adult can be defined in respect to age: affixing a cut-off age as in legal and administrative procedures. However, in all streams of study and human discipline this parameter is the least applied. There are various methods of measuring adulthood, which are not concrete and yet central to an understanding of the phenomena, across the world which can often differ, and at times even oppose one another. Adulthood, in the West, is often associated with the ideas of independence, to have one's own principles and perceptions on life and the ability to live up to it. It is integrally connected to question of self-sufficiency and living on one's own term - which by corollary, means an ability to satisfy one's own desires. In a number of Oriental cultures, Japan for example, this itself can be a mark of juvenile world-view and immaturity, because in that culture it is the ability to submerge one's own desires and to sacrifice them is what is counted as a true adult behavior. These dichotomies immediately place any ethnographic approach towards defining the term on slippery and problematic ground. Similarly there is little agreement ...Show more


There have been so many diverse definitions proposed by leading educationists and philosophers in the twentieth century in relation to adult education,that it is extremely important to isolate the sense in which the term 'adult education' will be applied in this study…
Author : bmiller
Increasing or restricting Andragogy essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Increasing or restricting Andragogy"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Bridging New Technology with Andragogy: Adult Learners in Aviation
Laws were earlier passed to promote air transport and later to regulate the commercialized industry. Safety must be maintained despite the ground traffic and movement increase in the airports. Existing literature revealed that runway incursions, as well as injuries, and ramp accidents and incidents continually occur.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
How the Government is Restricting our Freedom and Rights
According to the report human rights and freedom are the basis of human freedom, dignity, peace and justice. Human rights are universal in that they apply to all, inalienable meaning they precede authority by the state governments authority and are anchored on people's humanity, and finally, indivisible meaning that they are equally significan.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Investigate the arguement for restricting trade and provide argunmats for not restricting trade. Also list and explain some coun
Legal tender is money that is used to measure and give value to a commodity or service, and it is used in exchange for these items. Before the use of money as a legal tender, trade was carried out through the barter system. This system was characterized by the exchange of goods for other goods, which were deemed equal in value and would satisfy both traders’ needs.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Andragogy and Pedagogy
From these, the concern for transmission and acquisition of learning in them will be explained. This paper concludes that both are part of a single process, taking much cue from contemporary literature. Pedagogy. Pedagogy is what some people refer to as didactic, traditional, or teacher-directed approaches, and is the most dominant form of instruction in Europe and America ("Individualizing" 2007).
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Increasing taxes of alcohol
However, this is not the ultimate reason for this tax increase. The government aims at decreasing the consumption of alcohol especially in the segment of youth and they present
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Increasing motivation of medical staff
During last three months our Family Health Center hired about ten new employees. This fact encouraged to find out the main reasons of left workers to choose unsolicited dismissals. The thing is that new employees need learning and training before they are able to complete their work effectively.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Causes of increasing gas prices
With gas prices rising close to $4, there is bound to be even greater concern in the USA on the issue of rising prices, due to the escalation in financial hardships that they face,
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Tuition Rates Increasing
ght hope to experience during their lifetime, the necessity of each and every individual striving for a college degree has been a more and more defining aspects of the drive for education and achievement. However, just as the laws of supply and demand affect actions in the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Increasing use of Medical Marijuana
abis plant might be used in varied types of medical purposes to develop recreational drugs such as Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as well as Cannabidiol (CBD). All these drugs might be used to treat varied types of disorders and diseases like nausea, vomiting, muscle spasticity and
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
In the case of the adult learners, Merriam, Caffarella & Baumgartner (2007) indicate that the educators have no alternative, but to use resources that will help the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us