In Britain, free compulsory education in formal institutions staffed by full-time professionals began in Foster's Education Act 1870, although attendance was not made compulsory until the 1880 Education Act. Education became important in order to maintain social disorder and the society needed boys for future industrial service so in order for this to happen, boys needed to be educated, which was identified as 'The Apprentice boy model of the education' (Ainley 1999). During this period there was a great deal of gender inequality, female students were always disadvantaged. Even in the late 1990's most females did not see education leading them far in life, "girls set priorities were love, marriage, husband, children, jobs and careers more or less in that order" (Sharpe 1976).
Key stage tests have been brought about by the British national curriculum whereby pupils are usually assessed at various stages throughout their education. This National Curriculum was introduced in England, Wales and Northern Ireland to be used national wide by primary and secondary state school following an Education Reform Act 1988. The main aim of the National Curriculum was to ensure that all pupils cover certain basic materials and later on entire teaching time was covered as the curriculum grew in majority of state schools.
This stage includes children ...Show more