Education is the process through which individuals at different levels in the course their lives, acquire knowledge, skills and information that help them perform different economic and non economic activities towards the improvement of the society. The process of learning entails the giving instruction to the student, the instruction are given through training and by competent teachers…
This education consists of six or seven years. The children enrolled in primary education are of the age of five or six years. According to UNESCO (UNESCO, 1994) almost 70 % of the children enroll for primary education. This report also suggests that most governments in all parts of the world are ready to archive a full universal enrollment of all children in primary schools by the year 2015.
Disability is defined as an impairment, which can be either physical or mental that limits a human being from performing activities performed by an ordinary person. The Disability Discrimination Act(DDA) defines disability as a mental or physical limitation that has substantial long term negative effect on the person and limits his/her ability to perform day to day duties. With respect to this definition; substantial indicates that the disability can be minor or major. Long term means that its effects can last for one year minimum, the activities that the disabled person is unable to perform include but not limited to speech, hearing, sight, manual work, movement and reasoning power.
According to research conducted by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), the areas affected by disability include; performance of general task, communication impairment, limited or no mobility, lack of self care, limited learning ability, inability to carry out domestic function, inability for relationship with other people and the community as a whole. some of the most common disability among human being include; deafness, which is the inability to hear, blindness which is the inability to see, lameness which is the inability to walk or perform other physical tasks and mental retardation or cognitive disability which is the inability to reason or solve problems normally.
According to a report by UNESCO (UNESCO, 1994) the implementation of inclusive education would be more advantageous to the disabled children in the long run. The report highlights that the inclusion of the disabled children will lead to the enhancement of a cooperative spirit between the disabled children and the other students. This will help the other students to accept the disabled children as part of the society. The other children will also help them in adapting to the ordinarily system of learning. Implementation of inclusive education is considered to be beneficial to all the children in the long run, initially the disabled children may feel a little different from other kids, but with time the children accept their differences. The children with disability will also run how to tolerate and accept each other differences.
These are schools, specially designed and staffed with specially trained and experienced tutors in order to cater for education needs of disabled children. In these schools the student are given high attention and the teacher. The student- teacher ratio is less than 6:1. In addition, these students have special facilities e.g. sensory rooms, special swimming pools and other facilities that aid these children develop, learn, play and interact with each other. Some of these special schools include; school for the blind, school ...
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Frederickson and Cline (2002) offered three views on Special Educational Needs. The first view, also referred as the traditional way of thinking about SEN, was to look at SEN as individual deviation from the norm. An individual child is compared to the majority of the children of the same age.
However, breakthroughs in educational research has pushed individuals to acknowledge the practice of inclusion as viable intervention in supporting the development of special needs children who are placed in inclusive classrooms. This paper will endeavor to report on explorative research on inclusion in primary schools in the United Kingdom.
Below is a vivid description of the said sub-themes. Background of the Study As far as Education come to mind, it has become very necessary for every British child to receive formal education up to higher level. Luckily, there are legislative instruments and provisions such as the Education Act of 2002 that spells out clearly on why and how Britain nationals are to receive formal education.
Rigorous levels of work have been manifested on this domain at the national level and the governments also have adopted various policies with their following impacts on the schools. As for instance in schools in England, the real focus is given on the bureaucracy of inclusion and managerial approach which somewhat denies the very important role of the teacher in the schools.
However, the issue of children with special educational needs, particularly due to their physical inability has become important in the recent past. Meeting the special needs of children with disabilities is often a challenge. The main challenge faced in trying to ensure all children receive equal opportunity particularly in education is lack of enough funds to meet the needs of the disabled.
In view of the growing sensitivity of the general population towards the disabled, governments and public and private institutions have exerted greater time and effort to clarify the issues related to the role that the disabled have in society and the roles that society has towards the disabled (UNESCO).
The study also determined the level of preparation of teachers and their ability to cope with the challenges of inclusion and mainstreaming. The results would show whether inclusion would be the best option or whether alternative intervention strategies are available for children with ADHD.
While inclusive education is a concept which generally means the education of all the children in mainstream schools irrespective of any consideration, it has been comprehended differently in different nations. Though the process of inclusive education has been implemented in some nations, it is immensely affected by the diversity in the understanding.
Down syndrome is one of these diseases affecting children. It is considered a genetic defect wherein the child has 47 chromosomes, instead of the normal 46. This defect seriously affects the neurological and physical development of the child,
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