Bullying in schools has been identified as a significant problem. The present autoethnographic study explores the bullying intervention strategies applicable for special needs children in mainstream settings, based on my personal experiences with school bullying as a sibling and a teacher. …
However, the study of bullying as a social and psychological phenomenon began with the seminal paper of Olweus, justifiably called the ‘founding father’ of school antibullying programmes (Carrol-Lind & Kearney, 2004). Despite a vast amount of literature reported on school bullying a consensus on its definition is yet to develop (Naylor, 2006; Smith et al., 2002). Olweus’ defines school bullying as a subset of aggressive behaviour so that the “person being bullied or victimized when he or she’s exposed, repeatedly and overtime, to negative actions on the part of one or more other students” (Olweus, 1994). The major actions that characterize bullying include acts that hurt physically such as hitting or punching; verbal assaults including teasing and abusing; indirect acts leading to emotional pain such as social and psychological exclusion, spreading rumours etc (Demary & Malecki, 2003). Thus not all bullying is violence (Olweus, 1999), yet the two acts are significantly overlapping (Slee, 2003), with power imbalance being the uniformly accepted aspect of bullying (Ross, 2002; Rigby, 2002). School bullying has been an age old and traditionally misconstrued phenomenon considered to be essential for toughening of children (Cartwright, 1995). However, the suicide of three Norwegians boys in early 1980s partly as a consequence of severe school bullying by peers and many similar incidents immediately following it; jolted the world. Scientific fraternity thereafter conducted many researches attempting to understand the various aspects of school bullying. Despite the various regulations and interventions to control bullying, the rates are still high ranging from 5-38% for girls and 6-41% for...
Lack of social and communication skills, added to physical, behavioural and emotional uniqueness of special needs children makes them stand out in the mainstream schools, rendering them vulnerable as frequent targets of bullying. Interventions designed to deal with bullying for mainstream children are not always applicable for special needs children. This is followed by a study of the implications of interventions by investigating the correlation of bullying and special need children, effective anti bullying interventions with special reference to peer support group and finally the status of bullying and anti bullying interventions in Saudi Arabia.
This essay declares that effective interventions designed to control bullying include a systemic perspective involving a whole school approach. Addressing exclusively the bully and the victim is insufficient and researches have been conducted on exploiting the involvement of peers, school staff, principal parents etc for the control of bullying incidents. The role of peers can be considered to be more important compared to the rest because peer group often is a participant in the bullying incident either as a co victim, a bully or as a bystander. On one hand researches show that the first person approached for help by the victim is usually a friend rather than an adult. And on the other hand the issue has been reported to evoke a bigger response from children in general by Children’s commissioner for England. ...
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According to the paper it's a subject of debate among authorities and experts for many decades now. Questions on the ability of the SEN pupils to face the pressures of a mainstream school and the capacity of these schools to cater the special needs of these children are only few of the identified points that can hinder the possibility of achieving the highest potentials of these children while attaining education in mainstream schools.
Special education in England for over two decades has been subject to rapid change, of which programs allowing for inclusive education have played a pivotal role. But barriers still exist that can impede the development of this morally-mandated educational and social movement.
That is why special needs program was established and as such, it is a program seeking to identify those individuals with special needs and that those needs are in every way unique and takes a different perspective as compared to those of other students and thereby addressing them in a different way (Karger, 2010).
Apart from parents and family members, they have the responsibility to monitor students developing the skills that could help them not only in academic fields, but in life as well. And dealing with special needs students is rather challenging task even for professional educators.
I found that while he does not know this, this often works to my advantage as a teacher, and I can use this to help him in the long run.
Timmy's main problem is his frequent ability to yell loudly, or not wait to be called on. He is extremely impatient, and because of this can sometimes be a disruption to the other children in the class.
According to the paper bullying is a problem that any child, especially those with disabilities, will have to deal with. Parents and teachers alike are also faced with the problems of providing children with a safe, secure environment by which they can learn. Without such protection, the child may suffer lifelong social disabilities and perpetually low self-esteem.
Group counselors are apt to be concerned less with a specific task than with establishing and maintaining an atmosphere conducive to relaxation and full discussion with a minimum of defensiveness. Here the interaction among group members is the primary vehicle for helping young children to effect changes in their behavior.
This research will review articles concerning bullying in schools. For this purpose, literature will be reviewed which is a qualitative methodology of collecting data. After reviewing the literature available on bullying in schools, results will be obtained through evaluation of the literature. . A literature review is not just a list of work that has been published, nor is it a list of work with summaries of each.
These difficulties direct the children to behave indifferently to the society. The scope of autism has increased in the recent years with about 2% of the population suffering from autism. (what is autism, n.d.; Frith,
And dealing with special needs students is rather challenging task even for professional educators. It is common knowledge that the society in general is more concerned with academic competence of normal students. But
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